Top 10 Stars of Copa America 2011

In this season, the competition is organized by Conmebol, South America’s football governing body, and is being held in Argentina from July 1 to July 24, 2011. Moreover, Neymar is also considered as the future of Selecao in World Cup 2014

Related links:

Dani Alves (Brazil)

Football Tournament Is The Biggest Football Event

 

 

Robinho (Brazil)

24-year-old Arturo Vidal is a Chilean footballer who plays for Bayer Leverkusen and the Chilean national team as Defensive midfielder. Radamel Falcao is the greatest hope of Colombia in Copa America 2011

Alexis Sanchez (Chile)

Robinho is said to be well prepared for the 2011 Copa America – a tournament in which he is expected to shine

 

 

Edison Cavani (Uruguay)

Top 10 Copa America 2011 Stars: Alexis Sanchez

Antonio Valencia (Ecuador)

Leo Messi is not only the most notable star of Copa America but also the brightest star in football. Here is the list of top 10 stars of Copa America 2011 including Lionel Messi, Carlos Tevez and Robinho.

Whether the team of Reinaldo Rueda possibly passes the first round Copa America this year or not depends much on Valencia’s manner

Copa America 2011 is a good chance for Lionel Messi showing his abilities and there is no better chance for Argentina to lead into the Copa America

24-year-old Uruguay striker broke out in last season with a total of 33 goals on all matches, in which more than 26 goals in Serie A. With what showed off, the Barca defender deserves the main player in this Copa America</p>
<p>Neymar (Brazil)</p>
<p>He is considered one of the best forwards in the world, having passed Jürgen Klinsmann’s record of 15 goals in a single UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League campaign. The goal of Leo Messi coincides with that of Argentina is to reach the Championship. Arturo Vidal is also one of the top stars in Copa America 2011. There is no better opportunity to realize their championship dream.</p>
<p><img src=

Copa America 2011 will be the playground for 22-year-old Alexis Sanchez striker once again demonstrates why he has attracted big teams including Barca, Manchester City, and Manchester United

Robinho is said to be well prepared for the 2011 Copa America - a tournament in which he is expected to shine

 

24 years old Arturo Vidal is a Chilean footballer who plays for Bayer Leverkusen and the Chilean national team as Defensive midfielder. This shows how Edison Cavani is excellent

24-year-old Uruguay striker broke out last season with a total of 33 goals on all matches, in which more than 26 goals in Serie A. It is necessary to emphasize that Robinho will serve as a strong helper for Brazil in the 2011 Copa America.

Copa America 2011 will be the playground for Alexis Sanchez striker 

Top Ten Greatest Footballers in 2010

 

 

Copa America is the main international football tournament for national teams in South America. Arturo Vidal is also one of the top stars in Copa America 2011″ width=”480″ height=”244″/>

Robinho had a rediscovery of himself last season with the Serie A title in AC Milan after a string of dull days in Manchester city. The most famous footballer on the planet had a fabulous season with Barcelona scoring over 50 goals. Robinho is not the first choice striker in the Milan but he plays a key role in Massimiliano Allegri’s plans. He is also known for scoring 26 league goals in Italy

 

Best Footballers of all Times

 

Carlos Tevez scored 20 goals and played an important role for Manchester City in getting the crucial Champions League spot and keeping the prestigious FA cup. Although he has not been displaying his club form for the national side, surely he will make something change by winning a Copa America medal this time. He is also known for scoring 26 league goals in Italy.

Carlos Tevez (Argentina)

Dani Alves is one of the best attacking right defender at the present time. Radamel Falcao is the greatest hope of Colombia in Copa America 2011

 

Dani Alves is one of the best attacking right defender at the present time. Moreover Neymar is also considered the future of Selecao in World Cup 2014″ width=”480″ height=”319″/>

He is considered one of the best forwards in the world, having passed Jürgen Klinsmann's record of 15 goals in a single UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League campaign. With what showed off, the Barca defender deserves the main player in this Copa America

Radamel Falcao (Colombia)

Carlos Tevez landed in top 10 famous stars in Copa America 2011

Arturo Vidal (Chile)

Whether the team of Reinaldo Rueda possibly passes the first round Copa America this year or not depends much on Valencia' manner

 

Copa America 2011 is a good chance for Lionel Messi showing his abilities and there is no better chance for Argentina to lead into the Copa America

Lionel Messi (Argentina)

Brazil offers a great expectation on Neymar in Copa America. Coach Sergio Batista gave the right decision when adding Tevez in the list of players joining the 2011 Copa America because Carlos Tevez is the Goal scorer in the 2010/11 Premier League.</p>
<p>Brazil offers a great expectation on Neymar in Copa America. It is added that Argentina has not touched the title during 18 years and Copa America 2011 held at the home of the Tango team</p>
	</div><!-- .entry-content -->
	
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<article id=

Fund CEOs question benefits of passporting – Fund Managers – News – AsianInvestor

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Jose Mourinho: Beating Man Utd, Arsenal and Liverpool to title will be my BEST success yet | Football | Premier League Transfer News, Scores, Results & More

Very difficult, every game.

He also jokingly claimed the delegates did not know what they were talking about because they were too busy eating and drinking the top-class fare at Stamford Bridge.

Mourinho also reacted to a new report claiming his team have shown the least respect to match officials.

Allowing his team centre stage, naturally.

“In the last eight or nine matches, we never won by two goals difference – 1-0 at QPR, 2-1 Stoke, 3-2 Hull, 2-1 Aston Villa, 1-1 Southampton, 1-1 Burnley, Man City also 1-1.

Related articles

Chelsea may be seven points clear at the top of the table, but Mourinho claims the campaign has been incredibly difficult.

Jose Mourinho

But he says the top flight is far more competitive now and that his men have been doing it the hard way, by leading from the front from day one.

Premier League delegates said the Blues were the worst-behaved team in the top flight.

“I think dominance is the distance of points, and I don’t forget that we were always top of the league, but we went to eight points difference, and then down to zero,” he added.

“No, for me I just want to be champions. For me, the difficulty of every game is amazing”

“For me, the difficulty of every game is amazing.

But Mourinho insisted he was not bothered about winning the title by a street, even though victory over United today would see them go 10 points clear of second-placed Arsenal with just six games to go.

Jose MourinhoTOUGH AT THE TOP: Mourinho insists the title race has been extremely difficult [GETTY]

The Blues were crowned champions in 2005 and 2006, during the Portuguese coach’s first spell at the club.

“And that one, for sure, had sushi, lobster, Champagne of high quality – Cristal…everything.

“It (the report) is not true. I know that a lie repeated and repeated, there is a risk for it to become true in people’s eyes.

Mourinho also said he felt it was wrong today’s showdown with United clashed with Arsenal’s FA Cup semi-final with Reading, suggesting the Wembley game should have been put back to 8pm.

“At the end of the day, it’s a title.

On the eve of their mouth-watering clash with Manchester United at Stamford Bridge, Mourinho said of the campaign: “More difficult than ever.

“We have to change the catering because many, many times they don’t see the games,” he added.

“Next season we should give them bread and water.

“And at this moment it looks like every team becomes better, teams fighting for the championship and Champions League raise their levels, the same for relegation.”

“More difficult than ever. I think they stay eating and drinking. If someone offered me champions by one points, I’d take it.”

“Really. The only one I met was the phenomenal guy who made the report on the Nemanja Matic situation,” he said, referring to the midfielder was who banned post-match for lashing out at Barnsley’s Ashley Barnes.

But Mourinho insisted the judgement was fuelled by jealousy and a desire to see the title race not become “boring”.

“But I disagree. I think a lie is a lie.”

“I think the last time we won by more than one goal was Swansea in January. One point is enough for me.

Stalin’s daughter Lana Peters dies in US of cancer

And I think what came next, in the late 30s and after the war in the 40s – I think that was a result of his complete loneliness on top of the world. I’m somewhere in between.”

Stalin, who died in 1953, is deemed responsible for the deaths of millions of his countrymen.

While Peters denounced her father’s regime, she also blamed other communist party leaders for the Soviet Union’s policy of sending millions to labour camps.

Svetlana Alliluyeva, also known as Lana Peters, died of colon cancer at a care home in the state of Wisconsin last Tuesday, officials say.

Speaking to the BBC in 1990, Peters said that life in the USSR became much easier for everyone, herself included, after Nikita Khrushchev came to power.

Her first memoir, Twenty Letters to a Friend, was published in 1967 and made more than $2.5m (£1.6m).

In an interview in 1990 with Britain’s Independent newspaper, Peters said she had no money and was living with Olga in a rented house.

Interviewed in Cambridge, Peters said “When my mother left us, he [Stalin] was left completely alone. Nobody would argue with him anymore.”

“People say, ‘Stalin’s daughter, Stalin’s daughter,’ meaning I’m supposed to walk around with a rifle and shoot the Americans,” she once said.

She took the name Lana Peters upon marrying architect William Wesley Peters in the US.

Peters – who was six years old when her mother took her own life – was once close to her father, who called her his “little sparrow”. In this address, three years after Stalin’s death, Khrushchev denounced his predecessor as a brutal despot.

She said her defection was partly motivated by the Soviet authorities’ poor treatment of Brajesh Singh, an Indian communist whom she had a relationship with.

Lana Peters bemoaned the constant association with her father.

He sent her first love, a Jewish filmmaker, to Siberia.

Famous exiles from USSR

Igor Gouzenko – spy, 1945, Canada

Rudolf Nureyev – ballet star, 1961, France

Anatoly Golitsyn – KGB officer, 1961, Finland

Alexander Solzhenitsyn – dissident writer, 1974, expelled to US

Viktor Korchnoi, chess grand master – 1976, Netherlands

Arkady Shevchenko, UN Under-Secretary General – 1978, US

Viktoria Mullova, violinist – 1983, Finland

Natan Sharansky, human rights activist – 1986, Israel

Her defection from the Soviet Union in 1967 was a propaganda coup for the US. She wrote four books, including two best-selling memoirs.. She is an American citizen.’ That means I’m with a bomb against the others.

Stalin with his daughter Svetlana in a undated photo

Svetlana was a Soviet celebrity as a child – her defection as an adult embarrassed the Communist party

The only daughter of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin has died in the US at the age of 85.

Peters went to India in 1966 to spread Singh’s ashes, but instead of returning to the Soviet Union she walked into the US embassy to seek political asylum.

She graduated from Moscow University in 1949, initially working as a teacher and translator.

Peters was married three times and had two daughters and a son.

She revealed that Khrushchev showed her his speech to the 20th party congress in advance, so she wouldn’t be shocked. Her brother, Jacob, died in a Nazi concentration camp during World War II when her father refused to exchange him for a German general, and her other brother, Vasili, died an alcoholic, aged 40.

Although she later referred to Singh as her husband, the two were never allowed to marry.

But she said she could not escape the shadow of her father.

‘Little sparrow’

When Peters arrived in the US, she said she had come for the “self-expression that has been denied me for so long in Russia”.

She burned her passport, denouncing communism and her father, whom she called “a moral and spiritual monster”.

“No, I’m neither one. But they grew distant in his final years.

The couple settled in central Wisconsin and had a daughter, Olga, before divorcing in 1973.

Lana Peters is photographed on a rural road outside of Richland Center, Wis., Tuesday, April 13, 2010.

Svetlana Alliluyeva said people could not understand her past

She returned to the Soviet Union briefly in the 1980s, renouncing the US, but left again after feuding with relatives.

“Or they say, ‘No, she came here

Archive News & Video for Friday, 22 May 2009

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US Republican lawmakers slam GM restructuring plan 04:08 PM BST

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Biden links U.S. soldiers 02:23 AM BST

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German Vice-Chancellor wants Magna’s Opel bid studied 04:31 PM BST

HSBC says much of 2010 “challenging” 04:31 PM BST

Banks seen set for big stakes in Conti-Schaeffler 04:30 PM BST

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New Jersey seeks laid-off traders to teach math 04:24 PM BST

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German minister says all Opel bidders in running 04:23 PM BST

Magna plans 10,000 job cuts at Opel in Europe 04:22 PM BST

BankUnited sees expansion ahead, no layoffs 04:20 PM BST

REFILE-UPDATE 4-Indian PM Singh sworn in amid reform hopes 04:20 PM BST

U.S. aims to mend rich-poor climate split 02:27 PM BST

Platini applauds Premier League finance and quotas 02:27 PM BST

Lebanon’s BLC Bank Q1 net income 1.5 pct up 02:26 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Nigerian parliament urges wider oil delta offensive 02:25 PM BST

Metro plan could herald Arcandor’s breakup 02:24 PM BST

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BoE bought 394 mln stg of commercial paper in past week 02:23 PM BST

India’s ITC Q4 net profit up 10 pct; sales down 02:23 PM BST

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Sears posts profit, extends credit terms 02:21 PM BST

Obama signs law reforming Pentagon buying practices 02:19 PM BST

Iraqi relatives decry life for U.S. aims to mend rich-poor climate split 02:12 PM BST

U.S. stimulus package: report 08:26 AM BST

Hana, SK Telecom in talks on credit card JV 08:24 AM BST

Rugby-For sale. could lose AAA 12:54 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Mexico sees foreign investment down 17 percent 12:53 AM BST

U.S. recovery will be a rutted road 12:45 AM BST

REFILE-Singapore’s Temasek explains Bank of America sale 12:44 AM BST

BHP looking to develop uranium mine 12:43 AM BST

Glaxo seen in potential tax battle with IRS 12:41 AM BST

Dick Cheney emerges as top Obama critic 12:41 AM BST

Fuji Heavy eyes GM, Chrysler dealerships -media 12:40 AM BST

REFILE-Seoul shares may fall on econ worry; SK Tel eyed 12:39 AM BST

Irish PM sees economic growth in 2010 12:39 AM BST

US budget head says to curb defict post-recovery:FT 12:37 AM BST

Iraq bombs kill 22 including 3 U.S. Senate approves $91.3 bln war funds bill 02:36 AM BST

Police arrest two in fund fraud probe 02:31 AM BST

British police arrest two in fund fraud probe 02:31 AM BST

Brown forced to surrender on Gurkha rights 02:29 AM BST

Hollywood actors approve new commercials deal 02:26 AM BST

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UPDATE 1-Bolivia eyes better ties with US, demands respect 02:25 AM BST

Soccer-Libertadores Cup result 02:24 AM BST

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Yahoo eyes acquisitions, social media 02:52 PM BST

US STOCKS-Wall St turns negative on fiscal outlook worry 02:51 PM BST

Rainy summer soaks UK beaches 02:51 PM BST

FACTBOX – The latest Russian-Ukrainian gas issues 02:50 PM BST

Areva sold its stakes in GDF and Total: report 02:50 PM BST

TREASURIES-Bonds hit session lows, yields at 6-mo highs 02:49 PM BST

“Evil” boyfriend guilty of sisters’ murders 02:47 PM BST

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UPDATE 1-American Software to buy remaining stake in Logility 02:44 PM BST

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US STOCKS-Moody’s reassurance, Sears lift Wall St 02:38 PM BST

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CANADA STOCKS-TSX opens higher as commodity prices firm 02:36 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Markets open higher after Moody’s comments, Sears 02:35 PM BST

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Sears shares rally at open after surprise Q1 profit 02:35 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Tennis-Nadal handed tricky path to fifth French title 02:31 PM BST

Bankruptcy not certain in GM restructuring-source 02:29 PM BST

Satyam has won new deals: Tech Mahindra chairman 02:28 PM BST

Travel Picks: World’s Top 10 Greatest Ceilings 02:28 PM BST

U.S. One top-flight rugby team. at risk of losing top AAA rating 12:54 AM BST

United States’ rating still AAA and stable: Moody’s 12:54 AM BST

U.S. soldier gets life sentence for Iraq murders 01:01 AM BST

WRAPUP 2-China solar cos offer gloomy outlooks, shares fall 01:01 AM BST

China solar cos offer gloomy outlooks, shares fall 01:01 AM BST

U.S. YouTube 01:23 PM BST

HEADLINE STOCKS-U.S. rights scrutiny 05:42 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Bankrupt Hartmarx names stalking horse bidder 05:42 PM BST

Miners lead FTSE higher; results torpedo BA 05:40 PM BST

Opel labor leaders in shock over Magna plans 05:39 PM BST

BA slumps to record loss 05:39 PM BST

BRIEF-Pininfarina to launch capital increase 05:39 PM BST

RPT-Fiat has 50 pct chance on Opel deal-Italy minister 05:39 PM BST

Bank of Japan upgrades economic view 05:37 PM BST

NYMEX-Crude near even in pre-holiday trade 05:36 PM BST

Daly diet of chips at Wentworth 05:35 PM BST

UK investors demand Rio concedes more on Chinalco 05:35 PM BST

Rio to retain borates business, talc still for sale 05:35 PM BST

Obama not concerned about US credit rating change 05:35 PM BST

Sri Lanka seeks to deflect U.N. rape soldier 03:05 PM BST

Car bomb in Pakistan causes casualties – police 03:03 PM BST

U.S. mass layoffs fell sharply in April: Labor Department 09:08 PM BST

Dynegy looks to sell coal-plant stakes this year 09:08 PM BST

CANADA STOCKS-TSX closes higher on firm commodity prices 09:07 PM BST

Somali insurgent leader says Eritrea supports fight 09:06 PM BST

Soccer-Romanian championship results and standings 09:05 PM BST

Bruce Springsteen to bid farewell to Giants Stadium 09:05 PM BST

Venezuela mulls temporary seizure of Pfizer 09:05 PM BST

UPDATE 3-Deals of the day – mergers and acquisitions 09:04 PM BST

Facebook and Twitter hunt for revenue 09:02 PM BST

INTERVIEW-Somali insurgent leader says Eritrea supports fight 09:00 PM BST

GM bondholders dig in 08:59 PM BST

IMM speculators increase short US dollar positions-CFTC 08:58 PM BST

Two eagles lift Casey two shots clear at Wentworth 08:55 PM BST

Cabrera and Stenson miss cut at PGA Championship 08:55 PM BST

LOOP says preparing for tanker offloading 08:52 PM BST

Doubts grow about accuracy of Peru GDP numbers 08:52 PM BST

Teen in last stretch of solo sailing record 08:51 PM BST

NYMEX natgas funds again add to net short futures 08:48 PM BST

REUTER MONEYGRAPH-IMF SDR RATES-May 22 US 1.54438 08:48 PM BST

WRAPUP 1-Canada’s Flaherty sees “glimmers” of economic hope 08:47 PM BST

Miners lead FTSE higher 08:47 PM BST

Oil rises on China demand, dollar 08:47 PM BST

DIARY – Today in Washington – May 26 08:46 PM BST

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Golf-Cabrera, Stenson miss cut at PGA Championship 08:45 PM BST

Target faces Ackman showdown at annual meeting 08:41 PM BST

FACTBOX: Executives vying for seats on Target’s board 08:40 PM BST

NYMEX-Crude ends up on pre-holiday short-covering 08:40 PM BST

Alcoa raises prices on some forged mold products 08:40 PM BST

ADR Report-Foreign stocks rise on weaker U.S. seeks $543 million for displaced Pakistanis 09:10 AM BST

FOREX-Dollar weakness intensifies; euro eyes $1.40 09:09 AM BST

Soccer-English Premier League fixtures 09:08 AM BST

HK shares drop 0.8 pct in 3rd straight day of losses 09:08 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-German Steel up, Goldman lifts targets 09:07 AM BST

Exxon North Sea oil find not commercial, says partner 09:05 AM BST

Europe shares fall 09:04 AM BST

Standard Chartered eyeing India listing 09:04 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Exxon N.Sea oil find not commercial, says partner 09:02 AM BST

Shell Singapore cuts crude runs to 85pct vs over 90pct 09:02 AM BST

Sugi Holdings 7649.T-2008/09 parent results 09:00 AM BST

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PRESS DIGEST – PORTUGAL – May 22 08:59 AM BST

S.Korea pushes for LNG imports by private firms 08:59 AM BST

Findel considers equity issue 08:58 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Findel considers equity issue, to delay results 08:55 AM BST

India Reliance Cap may sell stake in insurance unit 08:55 AM BST

FACTBOX: Australia’s forests poised for CO2 trade boom 08:54 AM BST

Carbon plan promises bonanza for Australia forestry 08:54 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Dairy Crest falls as broker downgrades 08:50 AM BST

Thousands evacuate in Australia flood emergency 08:50 AM BST

Thousands evacuate in Australia flood emergency 08:50 AM BST

Glaxo in potential tax battle with IRS 08:50 AM BST

Glaxo in potential $1.9 billion tax battle with IRS 08:48 AM BST

UPDATE 1-StatoilHydro says Kollsnes gas plant restarted 08:47 AM BST

Sean Penn calls off divorce for a second time 08:47 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Glaxo in potential $1.9 bln tax battle with IRS 08:47 AM BST

Ofcom sets new BT Openreach wholesale prices 08:47 AM BST

Russia must enter WTO before joint EU deal 08:45 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Ofcom sets new BT Openreach wholesale prices 08:44 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Market Chatter — Corporate finance press digest 08:42 AM BST

AIG CEO Liddy to step down 08:37 AM BST

KKR may take role in U.S. Treasury 11:08 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Fiat already concerned for ‘deteriorating’ Chrysler 11:08 PM BST

SumTotal’s 2nd largest shareholder sees higher bids 11:06 PM BST

GM borrows another $4 billion from Treasury 11:05 PM BST

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GM borrows another $4 bln from U.S. FDA advisory meetings through June 30 03:03 PM BST

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UPDATE 1-Russia NPLs may reach 20 pct in 2009-state agency 03:01 PM BST

Vietnam Sacombank’s Jan-April gross drops 8.4 pct 03:01 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-German IFO index to feature on Monday 03:01 PM BST

Brief-Soccer-Ziani recalled to Algerian World Cup squad 03:00 PM BST

UPDATE 5-Russia challenges EU on energy supplies at summit 03:00 PM BST

Russia recession roars on with jobless at 9-year high 02:59 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Obama signs law to reform Pentagon weapons buying 02:58 PM BST

UPDATE 1-U.S. seeks $543 million for displaced Pakistanis 09:10 AM BST

U.N. credit cards 04:04 PM BST

Africa renewables need incentives, reforms to thrive 04:04 PM BST

TREASURIES-Bond selloff persists as investors sour on U.S. 04:03 PM BST

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Canada near-term economic outlook challenging-IMF 04:00 PM BST

Canadian union has deal on GM concessions – paper 04:00 PM BST

CANADA STOCKS-TSX rises as commodities show strength 03:59 PM BST

U.N. panel OKs CFTC to regulate carbon derivatives 01:22 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Malaysia – May 22 01:19 AM BST

South Korea cancels plan for cram school curfew 01:18 AM BST

AIG CEO Liddy to step down 01:15 AM BST

UPDATE 5-AIG CEO Liddy to step down 01:15 AM BST

Australians evacuate homes as floods threaten 01:14 AM BST

Japan eyes matching loan scheme with banks -Nikkei 01:13 AM BST

Plosser sees perils in Fed’s emergency strategy 01:13 AM BST

Bank faces tricky call on monetary policy 01:12 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – South Korean newspapers – May 22 01:11 AM BST

I’m no showgirl, Italy’s business leader tells PM 01:10 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Mexico sees foreign investment down 17 percent 01:07 AM BST

Nikkei slips 1.2 percent, exporters pressured by yen 01:06 AM BST

JJ to acquire Cougar Biotech 01:05 AM BST

Dick Cheney emerges as top Obama critic 01:05 AM BST

UPDATE 2-JJ to acquire Cougar Biotech for about $970 mln 01:05 AM BST

Seoul shares fall on econ worry; SK Tel outperforms 01:04 AM BST

U.S. stocks tumble on credit worries 12:48 AM BST

UPDATE 2-U.S. to work with GM ahead of deadline 07:21 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Nordex Q1 earnings below expected, staff costs drag 07:21 AM BST

Standard Chartered says looking at India listing 07:20 AM BST

German stocks – Factors to watch on May 22 07:20 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Hana, SK Telecom in talks on credit card JV 07:18 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Ireland – May 22 07:14 AM BST

Bank NZ unit sells 18.2 bln yen govt-backed bonds 07:13 AM BST

Singapore’s Temasek defends costly Bank of America exit 07:13 AM BST

Maroc Telecom unveils $1.3 bln investment plan 07:11 AM BST

Seoul shares down on exporters; SK Networks up 07:09 AM BST

Fighting rocks Somali capital, at least 5 killed 07:08 AM BST

Fighting rocks Somali capital, at least 5 killed 07:08 AM BST

Russia Rushydro posts 08 loss of 19.5 bln rbls 07:08 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Wall Street Journal – May 22 07:07 AM BST

Nikkei dips 0.4 pct on strong yen but falls limited 07:07 AM BST

TABLE-SIMTRONICS 3-month results 07:06 AM BST

Areva sold its stakes in GDF, Total – WSJ 07:06 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Singapore’s Temasek defends costly Bank of America exit 07:03 AM BST

Ban to seek UN access to Sri Lanka refugee camps 07:01 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Cyprus – May 22 07:01 AM BST

Daiun 9363.OS-2008/09 parent results 07:01 AM BST

Internet Initiative Japan 3774.T-2008/09 parent 07:01 AM BST

Internet Initiative Japan 3774.T-2008/09 group 07:00 AM BST

Sansei 6307.OS-2008/09 group results 07:00 AM BST

DIARY – Turkey – to Dec 17, 2009 07:00 AM BST

UK Stocks — Factors to watch on May 22 06:56 AM BST

Choppy Indian shares edge up; Reliance, HDFC gain 06:56 AM BST

“Terminator Salvation” opens strong 06:54 AM BST

INTERVIEW-SMFG sees opportunities in wealth transfer 06:51 AM BST

Soccer-China banks on youth for Germany friendly 06:47 AM BST

PIMCO’s Gross: U.S. Money Closing – MAY 22,2009 10:00 PM BST

UPDATE 1-US SEC tightens rules on stock trading by its staff 10:00 PM BST

FACTBOX-Tentative contract deal between GM, CAW union 09:59 PM BST

U.S. yearly economic growth gauge edges higher-ECRI 03:30 PM BST

New Senate bill aims to boost U.S.-Cuba farm trade 03:29 PM BST

Russia confirms first case of H1N1 flu-Ifax 03:29 PM BST

US copper climbs early on weak dlr, inventory data 03:29 PM BST

Sean Penn calls off divorce for a second time 03:29 PM BST

CANADA STOCKS-TSX rises 1 percent as resource shares climb 03:26 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Maire Tecnimont up on order hopes 03:25 PM BST

Last phase of Sri Lanka war killed 6,200 troops – govt 03:25 PM BST

US mass layoffs fell sharply in April – Labor Dept 03:24 PM BST

U.S. bank landscape 10:06 PM BST

BankUnited sees opportunity in property bust 10:04 PM BST

Earthquake hits Mexico but no casualties 10:04 PM BST

‘Idol’ winner Kris wants respect, Adam eyes stardom 10:03 PM BST

Tech execs say two mobile devices is enough 10:03 PM BST

REFILE-US STOCKS-Wall St slips as budget concerns remain 10:03 PM BST

DEALTALK-Private equity comeback to alter US bank landscape 10:01 PM BST

INTERVIEW-UPDATE 3-BankUnited sees opportunity in property bust 10:00 PM BST

N.Y. federal judge weighs DVD copying case 02:37 AM BST

U.S. wants OPEC to stabilize oil price 09:23 PM BST

New U.S.-Cuba relations fuel investor interest 09:22 PM BST

Bruce Springsteen to bid farewell to Giants Stadium 09:20 PM BST

Mosley hopeful F1 teams can agree deal 09:20 PM BST

U.S. Senate backs $91.3 billion war bill 02:21 AM BST

Chrysler to help terminated dealers after June 9 02:19 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Hong Kong – May 22 02:18 AM BST

Liddy, AIG’s embattled steward, has no regrets 02:17 AM BST

Plosser sees perils in Fed’s massive rescue efforts 02:16 AM BST

Australia lifts protection level for Tasmanian devils 02:15 AM BST

NEWSMAKER-Liddy, AIG’s embattled steward, has no regrets 02:15 AM BST

Nikkei slips as stronger yen pressures exporters 02:15 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Plosser sees perils in Fed’s massive rescue efforts 02:14 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST-Taiwan – May 22 02:11 AM BST

Fiat, Guangzhou Auto agree on car venture -paper 02:11 AM BST

Suspects in NY synagogue plot to be held in jail 02:11 AM BST

Biden says ending Balkan divisions will take time 02:10 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Brazil Embraer to sell 20 jets to Argentine airline 02:09 AM BST

Elbow grab twin song awards at Ivors 02:08 AM BST

U.S. economic might 02:46 AM BST

In Brazil, extreme weather stokes climate worries 02:45 AM BST

Some Guantanamo prisoners to go to U.S. 02:43 AM BST

Guantanamo guilty go free while “cleared” stay 02:43 AM BST

China Sinopec says refining in red when oil above $60 02:42 AM BST

Fiat, Guangzhou Auto agree on car venture: report 02:42 AM BST

U.S. chart 02:04 AM BST

CORRECTED – CORRECTED-China’s Goldwind gets $614 mln in contracts 02:03 AM BST

SK Telecom to buy $720 mln network, affiliate shrs 02:02 AM BST

Schering-Plough execs may see $107.9 mln payout 02:02 AM BST

TAKE-A-LOOK: U.S. Climate change bill cleared by House panel 02:06 AM BST

Black Eyed Peas lead singles U.S. Treasury plans no GM bankruptcy next week 06:31 AM BST

Fiat feeling lucky on Opel bid 06:31 AM BST

SK Tel, Hana in talks on credit card JV-SK Group 06:29 AM BST

HK shares drop 1.9 pct, Lenovo slides on loss 06:28 AM BST

Fund warns U.S. at risk of losing top AAA rating 06:47 AM BST

French and Benelux stocks – Factors to watch on May 22 06:45 AM BST

India NALCO sold aluminium ingots at premium-source 06:44 AM BST

German state leader says prefers Magna bid for Opel 06:43 AM BST

TABLE-China Resources Q1 net profit falls 34.7 pct 06:42 AM BST

Malawi president wins poll, opposition cries foul 06:42 AM BST

JGB 2-year yield hits lowest in more than 3 years 06:38 AM BST

Former Indonesia general wealthiest in poll line-up 06:37 AM BST

South African Markets – Factors to watch on May 22 06:37 AM BST

Russia says has doubts Ukraine can pay for gas 06:36 AM BST

China mulls first iron ore trading bourse – Xinhua 06:36 AM BST

Australia retailer freezes top pay as economy bites 06:35 AM BST

Yorozu 7294.T-2008/09 group results 06:35 AM BST

Turkey – Factors to Watch on May 22 06:33 AM BST

U.S. aid to Lebanon vote outcome 06:14 PM BST

White House plays down rating cut fear 06:13 PM BST

Mobile Web, cloud to attract tech spending 06:13 PM BST

Biden links U.S. vice president in Lebanon to discuss military aid 10:03 AM BST

Russia’s customs union won’t impede WTO bid-Shuvalov 10:01 AM BST

Worst over for memory sector but no golden days ahead 10:01 AM BST

FACTBOX: DRAM chips-A story of falling prices and weak demand 10:01 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Russia’s Rushydro posts ’08 loss of 19.5 bln rbls 10:01 AM BST

FACTBOX-Russia’s banks struggle with bad loans 10:01 AM BST

Hoya 7741.T-2008/09 group results 10:00 AM BST

UK investors diversify abroad 09:59 AM BST

INSTANT VIEW: GDP unrevised as expected 09:59 AM BST

FACTBOX-Russian steelmakers and their bond covenants 09:58 AM BST

PBG seeks $64 mln for tie-ups as Polimex bid fails 09:58 AM BST

Under BofA, Merrill faces uncertain future in Asia 09:55 AM BST

Romanian comedy looks back on communist “Golden Age” 09:55 AM BST

TABLE-India’s NTPC March qtr net jumps 58 pct 09:54 AM BST

Gazprom Neft seeks to raise Sibir stake 09:54 AM BST

Shell Singapore cuts runs to 85pct vs over 90pct 09:54 AM BST

Sterling eases vs dlr, loses more ground vs euro 09:52 AM BST

INSTANT VIEW: Q1 GDP unrevised as expected 09:50 AM BST

UK car production -55.3 pct yy in April-SMMT 09:50 AM BST

LEDs pump life into flat-screen TV market 09:49 AM BST

Australia’s Key Petroleum seeks 2D data in Tanzania 09:49 AM BST

Soccer-Mourinho wants reunion with Carvalho at Inter – report 09:49 AM BST

FACTBOX-Global oil, gas projects delayed in 2009 09:48 AM BST

FACTBOX-DRAM chips-A story of falling prices and weak demand 09:48 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Chrysalis up on H1 numbers 09:47 AM BST

Germany says has not ranked Opel bidders 09:47 AM BST

Rome schools ordered closed after H1N1 flu cases 09:47 AM BST

Spain quarantines soldiers after new flu outbreak 09:47 AM BST

MP fears suicides in expenses row 09:45 AM BST

Ceramic Fuel launches low emission mini power station for home 09:45 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Shell Singapore cuts runs to 85pct vs over 90pct 09:45 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Italy’s L’Espresso surges after upgrade 09:45 AM BST

Heidelberger Druck seeks new investors – paper 09:45 AM BST

Soccer-Primera Liga fixtures 09:43 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Sevan Marine jumps after contract news 09:42 AM BST

UPDATE 1-SkyePharma lung drug accepted for FDA review 09:42 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Sberbank mulls guarantor role on Opel -shareholder 09:42 AM BST

Moody’s cuts the Class A notes issued by Alburn Real Estate 09:42 AM BST

Local govts seek savings bank mergers -report 09:41 AM BST

Japan eases flu rules, no let up in Australia 09:40 AM BST

HK shares give up 0.8 pct in 3rd day of losses 09:38 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Spanish media up on merger hopes 09:37 AM BST

Soccer-Scottish Premier League fixtures 09:36 AM BST

Zimbabwe PM says west warming to unity govt 09:35 AM BST

European shares turn positive as miners gain ground 09:35 AM BST

Spain quarantines soldiers after new flu outbreak 09:33 AM BST

UK risks losing its AAA rating 09:33 AM BST

OECD chief sees UK credit rating cut ‘inexplicable’ 09:33 AM BST

Soccer-Turkish championship fixtures 09:32 AM BST

Soccer-Belgian championship fixture 09:29 AM BST

Soccer-Mido missing from Egypt squad for World Cup qualifiers 09:29 AM BST

DIARY – Greece to June 30, 2009 09:27 AM BST

Soccer-Portuguese championship fixtures 09:23 AM BST

LEDs pump life into flat-screen TV market 09:22 AM BST

Gazprom cuts ’08 div by 1 kopeck to 0.36 rbl/shr 09:21 AM BST

DIARY – Global Environment 09:21 AM BST

China’s COSL eyes 30 pct sales growth, share placement 09:20 AM BST

Nigerian parliament urges wider oil delta offensive 09:20 AM BST

Nigerian parliament urges wider oil delta offensive 09:20 AM BST

Soccer-Ligue 1 fixtures 09:19 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Blue Oar says has 27.8 pct undertakings on Dowgate 09:19 AM BST

UPDATE 3-Venezuela Chavez nationalizes iron companies 09:19 AM BST

Rome schools ordered closed after H1N1 flu cases 09:18 AM BST

Soccer-Bundesliga fixtures 09:17 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-ATH Resources down as output hit 09:15 AM BST

Soccer-Serie A fixtures 09:15 AM BST

BRIEF-Sevan confirms FPSO contract with Premier Oil 09:14 AM BST

CEZ submits arbitration proposal in Gacko project 09:13 AM BST

Cricket-Sharma gets sharp for India’s Twenty20 defence 09:12 AM BST

Sigma Koki 7713.Q-2008/09 div forecast 09:12 AM BST

U.N. could take 17 years to exit GMAC after an IPO 07:14 PM BST

BankUnited backdated capital in ’08-source 07:13 PM BST

U.S. rape soldier 12:32 PM BST

BRIEF-Soccer-Jaidi set to earn century of caps 12:32 PM BST

Xcel Minn. aims to mend rich-poor climate split 02:12 PM BST

U.S. pours $7.5 billion into auto lender GMAC 12:48 AM BST

Plosser sees perils in Fed’s massive rescue efforts 12:46 AM BST

Fed’s Rosengren says U.S. appeals court agrees tobacco companies lied 09:52 PM BST

Steel Partners forges ahead with fund conversion 09:51 PM BST

ANALYSIS-Credit card bill not all good for consumers 09:50 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Dlr weakens more on credit fears, bonds slip 09:47 PM BST

Dollar weakens more on credit fears 09:46 PM BST

Escada agrees to sells Primera unit at a loss 09:46 PM BST

Miners lead FTSE higher 09:46 PM BST

Visa takes WaMu debit cards from MasterCard: sources 09:46 PM BST

Doe Run Peru says Oct cleanup deadline ‘difficult’ 09:46 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Visa takes WaMu debit cards from MasterCard-sources 09:45 PM BST

Tech execs say two mobile devices is enough 09:44 PM BST

UPDATE 1-CF Industries extends tender offer for Terra 09:42 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Wall St falls on U.S. pours further $7.5 bln into auto lender GMAC 03:35 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Thai newspapers May 22 03:29 AM BST

U.S. LaSalle 1 reactor shut 12:27 PM BST

Campos team submits entry for 2010 F1 championship 12:27 PM BST

RLPC-Red Electrica denies debt refinancing talks 12:26 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Glaxo battling IRS over $1.9 bln 12:26 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-FTSE Small caps up 0.3 pct at midday 12:24 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS UK SMALL-Cookson up 8 pct on Goldman upgrade 12:24 PM BST

Duke SC Oconee 3 reactor shut 12:23 PM BST

Southern Ga. aid to Lebanon vote outcome 06:12 PM BST

Canada welcomes CAW-GM cost-saving agreement 06:12 PM BST

Canadian PM says oil sands must be developed 06:11 PM BST

White House says not concerned about a U.S. panel approves China steel import probe 09:15 PM BST

FACTBOX-Spreads of U.S. will ease sanctions 11:56 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Morgan Stanley boosts pay for senior executives 11:53 PM BST

“Idol” winner Kris wants respect, Adam eyes stardom 11:48 PM BST

Queen pondering “Idol’s” Lambert as frontman 11:48 PM BST

Soccer-Higuain overlooked again by Argentina coach Maradona 11:35 PM BST

More bloodshed feared as rebels rush to Mogadishu 11:34 PM BST

Mini world championship should be considered 11:31 PM BST

Harbinger seeks to make offer for bankrupt Asarco 11:30 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Harbinger seeks to make offer for bankrupt Asarco 11:30 PM BST

Rebels rush to Mogadishu, residents fear more bloodshed 11:25 PM BST

Rebels rush to Mogadishu, residents fear more bloodshed 11:25 PM BST

GM prepares for bankruptcy 11:25 PM BST

Magna gets early nod in race for GM’s Opel 11:25 PM BST

Rugby-Mini world championship should be considered – Henry 11:16 PM BST

Fiat already concerned for “deteriorating” Chrysler 11:16 PM BST

Spanish singer Raphael celebrates “50 Anos” 11:15 PM BST

U.N. rape soldier 02:18 PM BST

Freddie eyes $1 bln commercial mortgage bond-source 02:17 PM BST

Iraqi relatives decry life for U.S. Security Council says concerned about Suu Kyi 11:09 PM BST

GM borrows another $4 bln from U.S. rape soldier 02:15 PM BST

FACTBOX – Key issues in Russia-EU relations 02:14 PM BST

France’s EDF restarts Paluel 3 reactor after outage 02:13 PM BST

PREVIEW, UPDATE 1-U.S. Moss Landing 6 natgas unit 12:03 AM BST

US home mortgage debt tough for TALF-NY Fed official 12:02 AM BST

Cholesterol drug cuts amputation risk for diabetics 12:02 AM BST

House OKs Pentagon reforms, bill to White House 12:01 AM BST

Cholesterol drug cuts amputation risk for diabetics 12:01 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Plosser sees perils in Fed’s massive rescue efforts 12:00 AM BST

Plosser sees perils in Fed’s emergency strategy 12:00 AM BST

. stimulus package- FT 08:22 AM BST

London Stock Exchange CEO could eye deals – paper 08:21 AM BST

Tories say teachers need more powers 08:20 AM BST

Overnight deposits at ECB inch to new 8-month low 08:19 AM BST

India tech firms see glimmer of hope but long way to go 08:17 AM BST

FACTBOX: Key facts on India’s software services industry 08:17 AM BST

Mecom gets revised bank facilities 08:15 AM BST

FTSE seen opening higher 08:14 AM BST

Titan Europe 2008 trading profit falls 2.2 pct 08:14 AM BST

Blue Oar gets 27.8 pct undertakings on Dowgate 08:14 AM BST

Friday Papers: SP warns UK of high debt level — other news 08:14 AM BST

TREASURIES-Edge up in Asia after slide on US rating worries 08:12 AM BST

BHP seeks uranium mine permit 08:10 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Titan Europe 2008 trading profit falls 2.2 pct 08:09 AM BST

Italian Stocks – Factors to watch on May 22 08:08 AM BST

Brown stumbles towards election defeat 08:07 AM BST

REFILE-Sansei 6307.OS-2008/09 parent results 08:07 AM BST

Next Fifteen ends talks with Chime and Huntsworth 08:05 AM BST

Deal-making gains momentum at Cannes festival 08:04 AM BST

South Korea’s KDB plans Doosan Heavy stake sale: sources 08:04 AM BST

Deal-making gains momentum at Cannes festival 08:03 AM BST

UPDATE 2-S.Korea’s KDB plans Doosan Heavy stake sale – sources 08:01 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Next Fifteen ends talks with Chime, Huntsworth 07:57 AM BST

Minor oil discovery made in North Sea 07:56 AM BST

FACTBOX: Mongolian mining in focus ahead of election 07:56 AM BST

Mongolia election tight amid wait over mining deals 07:56 AM BST

Friday Papers: Barclays starts talks on selling off all of BGI — bid news and gossip 07:56 AM BST

FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan, May 22 07:55 AM BST

Seoul shares down on exporters; SK Networks up 07:53 AM BST

FACTBOX-Mongolian mining in focus ahead of election 07:51 AM BST

Slovakia – Factors To Watch on May 22 07:51 AM BST

Friday Papers: Standard Life chief to join board of RBS — tips and comment 07:50 AM BST

Mongolia election tight amid wait over mining deals 07:49 AM BST

Market Chatter — Corporate finance press digest 07:49 AM BST

RPT-UPDATE 1-Oil steady above $61, off 6-mth peak on weak US dat 07:49 AM BST

Euro extends gains, hits highest vs dollar since Jan. 07:48 AM BST

Tokyo park plays high-pitch tone to teen vandals 07:48 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Oil steady above $61, off 6-mth peak on weak US data 07:48 AM BST

Edinburgh film fest declines grant after protests 07:46 AM BST

Japan upgrades economic view 07:46 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-European stocks seen edging higher 07:46 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Mecom raises $223 mln; gets revised bank facilities 07:46 AM BST

Mountgrange raises $474 mln for UK property fund 07:46 AM BST

Philippine banks’ March bad loan ratio down to 3.56% 07:45 AM BST

UPDATE 1-RBS appoints Standard Life’s Crombie to board 07:44 AM BST

JGB futures dip on Treasuries, little impact from BOJ 07:43 AM BST

Romania – Factors to Watch on May 22 07:43 AM BST

Edinburgh film fest declines grant after protests 07:43 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Bulgaria – May 22 07:43 AM BST

Nikkei dips 0.4 percent on strong yen but falls limited 07:39 AM BST

Toridoll Corp 3397.T plans share split 07:38 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Chrysalis H1 pretax loss narrows 07:38 AM BST

RPT-GLOBAL MARKETS-Dollar extends fall, Asian share rally wanes 07:38 AM BST

Europe Factors-Shares set to bounce after Thursday’s fall 07:37 AM BST

Japan says economy may be past the worst 07:37 AM BST

GLOBAL MARKETS-Dollar extends fall, Asian share rally wanes 07:37 AM BST

Nikkei dips 0.4 pct on strong yen but falls limited 07:36 AM BST

FOREX-Dollar dogged by US rating worries, hits 5-mth low 07:36 AM BST

Lyndsy Fonseca getting in “Hot Tub” 07:36 AM BST

North Korea warns ships near missile base 07:33 AM BST

Swiss stocks – Factors to watch on May 22 07:32 AM BST

FACTBOX-Australia’s forests poised for CO2 trade boom 07:31 AM BST

Media Five 3824.FU-2008/09 div forecast 07:30 AM BST

Itochu 8001.T-2008/09 parent results 07:30 AM BST

Itochu 8001.T-1qtr group results(SEC) 07:30 AM BST

Itochu 8001.T-2008/09 group results(SEC) 07:30 AM BST

Marston’s confident of meeting FY expectations 07:28 AM BST

Police arrest two in fund fraud probe 07:27 AM BST

MONEY MARKETS-Doubts emerge about tightening of dollar spreads 07:26 AM BST

Standard Chartered eyeing India listing 07:26 AM BST

Metro says in talks to sell Italy, Portugal units 07:25 AM BST

Malawi president wins poll 07:24 AM BST

UPDATE 1-CapitaCommercial to raise $573 mln in rights issue 07:24 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Russia says has doubts Ukraine can pay for gas 07:23 AM BST

U.S. dollar falls to 2009 low on ratings worries 07:11 PM BST

Deficit woes likely to dog dollar for some time 07:11 PM BST

Meet the Pope on Facebook 07:11 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Mitsui Sumitomo in tie-up talks – Nikkei 07:10 PM BST

Juncker says strong euro could hamper recovery 07:09 PM BST

Dollar deterioration lifts US copper ahead of break 07:09 PM BST

Evercore names BlackRock co-founder as CEO 07:08 PM BST

Potential BGI sale trumps buy-out bid for iShares 07:06 PM BST

UPDATE 3-Evercore names BlackRock co-founder as CEO 07:05 PM BST

US STOCKS-Market gains on dollar bets, rating comment 07:04 PM BST

REFILE-UPDATE 1-Maire Tecnimont wins Italy motorway contract 07:01 PM BST

US natural gas rig count down to near 6-1/2 yr low 07:01 PM BST

Cricket-Deccan Chargers beat Delhi Daredevils by six wickets 06:58 PM BST

TABLE-U.S. House panel approves climate change bill 01:30 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Singapore newspapers – May 22 01:30 AM BST

“Alien” pests wreak vast economic damage-U.N. 01:30 AM BST

BOJ may upgrade econ view, mull wider collateral 01:29 AM BST

RPT-Fed’s Rosengren: Deflation more concern than inflation 01:26 AM BST

U.S. recovery likely subdued 02:00 AM BST

Iranian rockers subject of “Persian” documentary 01:59 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Sumitomo suspends Saudi power, desalination plans 01:58 AM BST

FACTBOX: Climate change bill cleared by House panel 01:57 AM BST

FOREX-Dollar hits 5-month low on US debt worries, Yosano 01:57 AM BST

Black Eyed Peas lead singles chart; Eminem top debut 01:56 AM BST

Regular flu vaccine little help against new strain 01:55 AM BST

S.Korean won gains on U.S. Hatch 1 reactor starts to exit outage 12:23 PM BST

Entergy Mass. Prairie Isle 1 reactor exits outage 04:38 PM BST

UPDATE 1-US House Republicans back GM bondholders in talks 04:38 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Citigroup raises ratings on 3 fertilizer companies 04:38 PM BST

Global LNG-US import surge stutters as prices fall 04:37 PM BST

TEXT-Fitch affirms AIG Latin American units nat’l IFS rtgs 04:33 PM BST

US directs $1 billion for new swine flu vaccine 04:33 PM BST

UPDATE 2-ATC Technology withdraws 2009 outlook, shares drop 04:32 PM BST

UPDATE 3-Exelon Ill. forces kill 34 militants in drug raids 10:39 AM BST

Private investors say still keen on African power 10:39 AM BST

Afghan, U.S. could take 17 years to exit GMAC after an IPO 02:58 PM BST

Draper helps take companies “prublic” 02:57 PM BST

WRAPUP 2-Russia recession roars on with jobless at 9-yr high 02:56 PM BST

GLOBAL MARKETS WEEKAHEAD-Demanding concrete evidence of revival 02:55 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Soccer-Real deny existence of Ronaldo pre-agreement 02:54 PM BST

European shares hit day’s low as Wall St weakens 02:54 PM BST

Fannie Mae to sell $2 billion in bills on Wednesday 02:53 PM BST

Tech firms balance cost cuts and innovation 02:53 PM BST

FOREX-US dollar falls to 2009 low on ratings worries 02:52 PM BST

U.S. deficit worries 09:41 PM BST

CANADA STOCKS-TSX finishes week with 2.36 percent gain 09:40 PM BST

U.N. soldiers 12:36 AM BST

Ex-U.S. aims to mend rich-poor climate split in Paris 11:58 AM BST

Libya cuts stake of Total-led group in 2 oilfields 11:57 AM BST

Miners lead Europe shares higher; BA wobbles 11:57 AM BST

France roundup-Bordeaux target title at fortress home 11:56 AM BST

Poland should not seek dividend from PKO-Econ Min 11:56 AM BST

Tech Mahindra CEO: Satyam has 10,000 excess staff 11:55 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Economic indicators for May 22 11:55 AM BST

GAZ says will not take stake in Opel if Magna wins 11:55 AM BST

GAZ says will not take stake in Opel if Magna wins 11:53 AM BST

FTSE up 0.8 pct at midday lifted by miners, banks 11:53 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Earnings diary for May 22 11:53 AM BST

Satyam’s revenue in downward slope: chairman 11:48 AM BST

Soccer-Fabregas cleared of spitting charge 11:48 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Japan copper product output jumps 29 pct in April 11:47 AM BST

UPDATE 4-BA slumps to record loss, outlook bleak 11:47 AM BST

INTERVIEW-Defaulted Kazakh BTA may sell some foreign assets 11:46 AM BST

Ledger’s last performance hits screen in Cannes 11:42 AM BST

India’s new government to speed fighter jet deal 11:39 AM BST

India’s new government to speed fighter jet deal 11:39 AM BST

Thousands evacuate in Australia flood emergency 11:38 AM BST

Dutch regulator slams secret bank stress tests 11:37 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Findel down; to delay results 11:35 AM BST

Malawi president sworn in for second term 11:35 AM BST

Malawi president sworn in for second term 11:35 AM BST

Magna would take 20 pct stake under Opel plan 11:35 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Dutch regulator slams secret bank stress tests 11:34 AM BST

Moody’s assigns ratings to ABS notes by Empresas Banesto 4, FTA 11:33 AM BST

Bad weather delays space shuttle’s homecoming 11:32 AM BST

Bad weather delays space shuttle’s homecoming 11:32 AM BST

Web fans mourn death of Spain’s “blogging granny” 11:30 AM BST

Investors pull $21 billion from money markets 11:30 AM BST

UPDATE 5-Bank of Japan upgrades economic view on export hopes 11:29 AM BST

UK’s Heysham 2-7 nuclear reactor restarted Fri 11:28 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Russia’s Gazprom Neft targets bigger Sibir stake 11:26 AM BST

S.Korea court calls for Ssangyong self-rescue plan 11:24 AM BST

FEATURE-On Russia’s frontier with China, traders feel chill 11:24 AM BST

NASA delays landing of space shuttle Atlantis 11:23 AM BST

Sampo wants less Nordic Nordea board – magazine 11:22 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Intec Telecom up; more broker upgrades 11:19 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EURIOPE-Marston’s up as dividend maintained 11:19 AM BST

Moody’s downgrades Cornerstone Titan 2005-1 plc notes 11:18 AM BST

Russia to engage specialist for Telenor asset sale 11:17 AM BST

NASA delays landing of space shuttle Atlantis 11:17 AM BST

NASA delays landing of space shuttle Atlantis 11:17 AM BST

Soccer-Ancelotti’s departure would not dislodge Kaka from Milan 11:16 AM BST

North Korea warns ships near missile base: Japan 11:16 AM BST

Soccer-Burnley offering free season tickets if promoted 11:16 AM BST

Paediatrician Southall loses appeal against GMC 11:16 AM BST

North Korea warns ships near missile base – Japan 11:15 AM BST

OECD sees chance of global recovery 11:15 AM BST

ZTE says China Exim Bank to provide loan facility 11:13 AM BST

Monaco practice inspires Hamilton 11:12 AM BST

Winemaker Trulli thirsts for Monaco fizz 11:12 AM BST

F1 teams to meet Mosley again on Friday 11:11 AM BST

Taiwan April jobless rate at record, to rise further 11:11 AM BST

China April oil demand posts biggest rise in 7 mths 11:09 AM BST

OECD says world economy “out of free fall” 11:09 AM BST

Metro says in talks to sell Italy, Portugal units 11:09 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS UK SMALL-Marston’s higher as dividend maintained 11:08 AM BST

UPDATE 4-Segro makes takeover approach to Brixton 11:07 AM BST

OECD says world economy “out of free fall” 11:06 AM BST

Rugby-Muliaina try helps Chiefs into Super 14 final 11:05 AM BST

Chrysalis gives FY revenue above market view 11:05 AM BST

Indian shares provisionally rise 1 pct 11:05 AM BST

Turkish Cypriots pessimistic on unification talks 11:03 AM BST

Bulgaria picks IBM as partner in nanotech centre 11:01 AM BST

FACTBOX: OPEC comments in run-up to end-May meeting 11:00 AM BST

Lenders reject Clear Channel debt-swap plan-paper 11:00 AM BST

INTERVIEW-Motor racing-Winemaker Trulli thirsts for Monaco fizz 11:00 AM BST

Moody’s cuts Windermere VII CMBS plc four classes of notes 10:59 AM BST

SE Asia Stocks-S’pore, Malaysia, Thailand turn round, end higher 10:56 AM BST

OECD sees chance of 2009 global recovery 10:52 AM BST

India to swear in 19 cabinet members 10:52 AM BST

Anglo vulnerable to Xstrata takeover 10:50 AM BST

Strong currencies to hit mining firms’ profits 10:50 AM BST

Iran, Pakistan start new talks on gas deal-agency 10:50 AM BST

Laox 8202.T-2008/09 parent results 10:50 AM BST

FOREX-Dollar under pressure; euro eyes $1.40 10:50 AM BST

Strong currencies to hit mining firms’ profits 10:49 AM BST

China Kailuan Group plans 50 mln T coal reserve base 10:49 AM BST

Russian banks’ bad loans under control: Shuvalov 10:49 AM BST

Bank of Spain mulls easing bank bad loan rules: report 10:47 AM BST

Mountgrange raises 300 million pounds for property fund 10:43 AM BST

Russia says near S.Stream deal with Austria, Slovenia 10:43 AM BST

Bramdean urges shareholders to await bid outcome 10:43 AM BST

Sberbank mulls guarantor role on Opel: shareholder 10:42 AM BST

Cricket-Hughes itching to get back to England for Ashes 10:41 AM BST

Israeli troops kill two Gaza militants 10:39 AM BST

Afghan and U.S. deficit woes; wary of govt 05:58 AM BST

NORDIC STOCKS – Factors to watch on May 22 05:58 AM BST

China top 5 oil firms April profits up 45 pct y/y 05:57 AM BST

BlackRock co-founder may become Evercore CEO- WSJ 05:52 AM BST

Soccer-Lampard scoops record hat-trick of Chelsea awards 05:47 AM BST

CapitaCommercial to raise $573 mln in rights issue 05:41 AM BST

Indian shares seesaw in early deals 05:41 AM BST

Senior IMF official to visit Kazakhstan 05:39 AM BST

HK shares extend losses to drop 2 percent 05:31 AM BST

TEXT-BOJ statement on collateral guidelines on foreign bonds 05:30 AM BST

Last phase of Sri Lanka war killed 6,200 troops-govt 05:27 AM BST

Temasek to invest $600 mln in China’s CCB – source 05:26 AM BST

CORRECTED – CORRECTED-Korea Development Bank to sell stake in Doosan Heavy 05:25 AM BST

FOREX-Dollar dogged by US rating worries, hits 5-mth low 05:22 AM BST

New Issue-PSA Corp issues S$300 mln 10 yr Bond 05:17 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Venezuela Chavez nationalizes iron companies 05:16 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Korea Development Bank to sell Doosan Heavy stake 05:16 AM BST

TEXT-BOJ statement on monetary policy 05:13 AM BST

New Issue-Mapletree issues S$75 mln 4 yr MTN 05:10 AM BST

RPT-PRECIOUS-Gold steady, weak dollar supports; ETF unchanged 05:09 AM BST

PRECIOUS-Gold steady, weak dollar supports; ETF unchanged 05:07 AM BST

Japan relaxes flu guidelines as cases near 300 05:05 AM BST

CC Amatil: SABMiller key to beer plan, not Foster’s 05:03 AM BST

New Zealand PGA Championship loses title sponsor 05:00 AM BST

UPDATE 1-CC Amatil: SABMiller key to beer plan, not Foster’s 05:00 AM BST

DIARY – Belgium to July 31, 2009 05:00 AM BST

DIARY – Today in Belgium/Luxembourg – May 22 05:00 AM BST

Golf-New Zealand PGA Championship loses title sponsor 04:58 AM BST

New Issue-Hotel Prop Ltd issues S$20 mln 2 yr MTN 04:56 AM BST

Obama: Some Guantanamo prisoners to go to U.S. 04:53 AM BST

China arrests 10 in new brick kiln slave case 04:50 AM BST

Venezuela police raid house of TV station boss 04:25 AM BST

Oil steady above $61, off 6-mth peak on weak US data 04:25 AM BST

Sinopec says refinery rates rise to 90 pct 04:24 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Financial Times – May 22 04:23 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – British business – May 22 04:23 AM BST

FACTBOX-Recent comments on Japan monetary policy, economy 04:20 AM BST

Dollar extends slide but Asian stocks gain 04:07 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST-Indonesian Newspapers – May 22 03:59 AM BST

RPT-GLOBAL MARKETS-Dollar extends slide but Asian stocks gain 03:59 AM BST

GLOBAL MARKETS-Dollar extends slide but Asian stocks gain 03:58 AM BST

Chinese hospitals ordered to kick the habit 03:57 AM BST

Chinese hospitals ordered to kick the habit 03:56 AM BST

REFILE-Chinese hospitals ordered to kick the habit 03:56 AM BST

JGBs drop on Treasuries, resilient Nikkei; BOJ eyed 03:53 AM BST

Nikkei edges 0.1 pct lower, exporters pressured 03:52 AM BST

UPDATE 3-U.S. House OKs Pentagon reforms 12:05 AM BST

Dynegy shuts Calif. unit -filing 05:22 PM BST

UPDATE 1-GM bondholders to reject offer, gird for bankruptcy 05:20 PM BST

Porsche/VW merger to take longer than expected 05:18 PM BST

Russia’s Gazprom Neft targets bigger Sibir stake 05:17 PM BST

FACTBOX: Films in main competition at Cannes 05:17 PM BST

Russia tycoon cedes French, London estate for debt 05:17 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Porsche/VW merger to take longer than expected 05:17 PM BST

Russia tycoon cedes French, London estate for debt 05:16 PM BST

RLPC-Saint-Gobain seeks 2 bln euro refinancing loan-bankers 05:15 PM BST

Close call in Cannes as prison drama edges ahead 05:15 PM BST

WHO rethinks criteria for Phase 6 pandemic flu 05:12 PM BST

WHO rethinks criteria for Phase 6 pandemic flu 05:12 PM BST

Close call in Cannes as prison drama edges ahead 05:11 PM BST

FACTBOX – Films in main competition at Cannes 05:11 PM BST

Venezuela inks deal to buy Santander local unit 05:09 PM BST

Affiliate Marketer Venturian Media Buys Shopping Site Boxedup.com 05:08 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Tennis-Australia fined $10,000 for Davis Cup forfeit 05:08 PM BST

CORRECTED-Gates defends U.S. rights scrutiny 05:34 PM BST

Sri Lanka seeks to deflect U.N.

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Credit reform enacted 11:12 PM BST

Biden pledges US support in Beirut 10:57 PM BST

Obama signs credit card reform bill 10:44 PM BST

Mexican tourism devastated 10:37 PM BST

A veteran remembers Vietnam 10:18 PM BST

GM prepares for bankruptcy 08:50 PM BST

Flu fears behind bus attack 07:37 PM BST

Tarantino and Pitt 07:24 PM BST

Indian PM sworn in again 06:19 PM BST

Week Ahead: Focus on housing 06:18 PM BST

Turner unveils its hottest new shows 06:16 PM BST

Post-war Germany turns 60 06:08 PM BST

Business Update: GM fate unclear 05:52 PM BST

Oil slick spa 05:06 PM BST

Business Update: BA record slump 04:52 PM BST

Deadly battles in Somali capital 04:36 PM BST

Facebooking the Pope 04:25 PM BST

UK monk’s cosmetics enterprise 04:07 PM BST

BA posts record loss 03:32 PM BST

Can junk mail help the economy? 03:27 PM BST

Interview: Austan Goolsbee 03:19 PM BST

Biden arrives in Lebanon 12:42 PM BST

Mexico prison break ‘inside job’ 12:38 PM BST

China contender for world’s tallest 12:16 PM BST

China’s reading prodigy 11:50 AM BST

Malawi president wins re-election 10:56 AM BST

Asia eyes yen, U.S. 09:58 AM BST

Japan’s flu biz 09:48 AM BST

NY bomb suspects in court 01:37 AM BST

Alleged pirate pleads not guilty 01:07 AM BST

Russian protesters storm meeting 12:34 AM BST

Talk of the Town: Kris Allen 12:25 AM BST

Mobile firms try netbook connection 12:12 AM BST

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Videos

Queen pondering Lambert as frontman 11:59 PM BST

UPDATE 3-Large US banks to shoulder more cleanup costs-FDIC 11:58 PM BST

Suu Kyi trial dashes chance U.S. Senate backs $91.3 bln Iraq, Afghan war bill 01:51 AM BST

U.S. recovery likely subdued 01:00 PM BST

US state seeks laid-off traders to teach math 01:00 PM BST

FEATURE-Angola’s hard-hitting beat electrifies the poor 01:00 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Aastrom’s heart study put on hold after patient death 12:59 PM BST

NASA postpones landing of space shuttle Atlantis 12:59 PM BST

NASA postpones landing of space shuttle Atlantis 12:59 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Rosengren: US recovery will likely be subdued 12:58 PM BST

Sterling recovers losses vs dollar, picks up rally 12:57 PM BST

Soccer-Wright-Phillips out of England qualifiers 12:56 PM BST

“Night at the Museum” sequel a better exhibit 12:56 PM BST

Property fund managers rue proposed EU regulation 12:55 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-BlackRock co-founder may become Evercore CEO: WSJ 12:53 PM BST

Singapore, Malaysia seek to build new bridges 12:51 PM BST

Acer sees Q2 earnings better than expected 12:51 PM BST

WHO says Asia vulnerable to spread of new flu virus 12:50 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-UBS raises estimates on SP 500 12:50 PM BST

WHO says Asia vulnerable to spread of new flu virus 12:49 PM BST

Tennis-French Open men’s singles draw 12:47 PM BST

Nigerian parliament urges wider oil delta offensive 12:47 PM BST

Kids want to hear more bedtime stories 12:44 PM BST

CORRECTED – UPDATE 1-Fed’s Rosengren sees US recovery likely subdued 12:44 PM BST

RPT-UPDATE 3-Ursula Burns to succeed Mulcahy as Xerox CEO 12:44 PM BST

CORRECTED – UPDATE 1-Fed’s Rosengren sees US recovery likely subdued 12:42 PM BST

WHO chief says world should prepare for severe flu 12:42 PM BST

Serbia to boost president’s security, minister says 12:40 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Futures up after Moody’s comments, Sears 12:40 PM BST

Ukraine PM sees understanding with Russia on gas 12:38 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Gazprom output may fall 18 pct in 09-report 12:35 PM BST

Property fund managers rue proposed EU regulation 12:35 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Gazprom output may fall 18 pct in 09-report 12:35 PM BST

Latest on the Reuters Hedge Hub blog 12:33 PM BST

Mondadori CEO sees difficult Q2 for advertising 12:32 PM BST

Iraqis unhappy about life for U.S. House panel set to clear climate change bill 02:06 AM BST

FACTBOX – U.S. state unemployment rates in April 06:58 PM BST

MasterCard to lose “substantial” number of WaMu users- source 06:56 PM BST

Tests of new flu virus suggest more are out there 06:55 PM BST

UPDATE 1-California jobless rate edges down to 11 pct 06:54 PM BST

Sri Lanka seeks to deflect U.N. banks 3-mo funding rate at 0.6687 pct – ICAP 03:23 PM BST

NYMEX-Crude choppy, slips from high as equities dip 03:23 PM BST

ANALYSIS-Soccer-Something is missing at Real Madrid 03:23 PM BST

WHO urges hospitals to join climate change battle 03:22 PM BST

WHO urges hospitals to join climate change battle 03:22 PM BST

Madagascar opposition party wants talks suspended 03:20 PM BST

Madagascar opposition party wants talks suspended 03:20 PM BST

Porsche says VW merger to take longer than expected 03:20 PM BST

Soccer-Germany midfielder Jansen to miss Asia tour 03:20 PM BST

Sterling hits 6 1/2-mth high vs broadly weak dollar 03:19 PM BST

Q+A – What is the European Parliament, how is it elected? 03:19 PM BST

FACTBOX – Four things to watch in June European elections 03:19 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Sino-Forest ups bought-deal offering by $38.5 mln 03:17 PM BST

Car bomb in Pakistan causes casualties: police 03:16 PM BST

WHO testing for first African H1N1 case in Congo 03:15 PM BST

WHO testing for first African H1N1 case in Congo 03:15 PM BST

Canada minister sees indications of GM-CAW deal 03:14 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Duke investigates SC Oconee 3 reactor shutdown 03:13 PM BST

Ukraine Naftogaz deputy chief quits 03:12 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Pershing calls on 2 Target directors to resign 03:12 PM BST

Soccer-United will not field badly depleted side, Ferguson says 03:10 PM BST

US gold hits two-month high as dollar tumbles 03:10 PM BST

DIARY – European Central Bank (ECB) events to July 31 03:07 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Pilgrim’s Pride repays DIP loan, sells assets 03:05 PM BST

Iraqi relatives decry life for U.S. state seeks laid-off traders to teach math 06:22 AM BST

Soccer-New Zealand’s Vicelich out of retirement for Confed Cup 06:18 AM BST

Downer EDI unit considers NZ$ 3-year bond sale 06:16 AM BST

Hyundai benefits from struggles of GM’s S.Korea unit 06:14 AM BST

U.S. panel approves China steel import probe 09:13 PM BST

Beyond BlackBerry, high-tech execs shun gadgets 09:13 PM BST

DIARY-Federal Reserve Events 09:13 PM BST

Ineos lenders yet to approve extension-source 09:12 PM BST

UPDATE 1-LOOP says preparing for tanker offloading 09:09 PM BST

US STOCKS-Wall St falls on U.S. stock futures signal gains; GM eyed 10:13 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Cranswick up; Numis says “add” 10:10 AM BST

Zentek 4296.OJ-2008/09 parent results 10:10 AM BST

Zentek 4296.OJ-2008/09 group results 10:10 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Marston’s confident for FY as food sales surge 10:08 AM BST

ETF Securities Physical Gold ETC holdings dip 2.5 pct 10:08 AM BST

RLPC-Linde exploring 1.5 bln euro loan extension – banks 10:05 AM BST

SP puts spotlight on Cameron 10:04 AM BST

Japan eases flu rules 10:03 AM BST

Romanian comedy looks back on communist “Golden Age” 10:03 AM BST

U.S. aims to mend rich-poor climate split in Paris 11:58 AM BST

PREVIEW-U.S. rating stable, not guaranteed forever: Moody’s 12:54 AM BST

Unraveling markets bode ill for U.S. pours $7.5 billion into auto lender GMAC 12:49 AM BST

Singapore Hot Stocks-Financials in focus after U.S. weekly ethanol inch higher but remain dismal 09:59 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Earthquake hits Mexico, no casualties 09:59 PM BST

Earthquake hits Mexico, no casualties 09:59 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Conceptus files patent suit against Hologic 09:58 PM BST

UPDATE 1-MoneyGram to exit payment processing business 09:58 PM BST

FDIC head urges gov’t capital matches for small banks 09:58 PM BST

US weekly ethanol margins inch up but remain dismal 09:58 PM BST

High-tech execs shun gadgets 09:57 PM BST

ANALYSIS-Cayman bankers lobby Washington to redefine image 09:57 PM BST

Facebook and Twitter hunt for revenue 09:53 PM BST

Mexico peso hit by U.S. aims to mend rich-poor climate split 07:46 PM BST

Investors to keep heat at Exxon, Chevron meetings 07:45 PM BST

From pot to ‘pole’ tax: US states seek economic help 07:45 PM BST

GM options traders bet on possible endgame 07:45 PM BST

Chile shares fall amid profit-taking, peso down 07:43 PM BST

Euro zone May inflation seen at 0.2 pct 07:42 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Komatsu likely to issue 40 bln yen in bonds – Nikkei 07:41 PM BST

Canada court finds Rwandan guilty of war crimes 07:40 PM BST

IPO VIEW-First-day pops crucial but no long-term guarantee 07:39 PM BST

Pound hits 6 1/2-month high vs dollar 07:36 PM BST

Deficit woes likely to dog dollar for some time 07:36 PM BST

Gulf of Mexico storm has low chance to develop-NHC 07:35 PM BST

BRIEF-Soccer-Shakhtar’s UEFA Cup win provides cheer for Hamburg 07:35 PM BST

Amy Winehouse cancels concert 07:34 PM BST

Intesa convinced key shrholders to change pact-chmn 07:34 PM BST

UPDATE 1-US Senate panel to call auto CEOs to testify 07:32 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Golf-Two eagles lift Casey two shots clear at Wentworth 07:29 PM BST

Brazil offers to buy dollars in spot forex market 07:28 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Pininfarina to launch capital increase 07:26 PM BST

LASIK ads must warn consumers of risks: FDA 07:26 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Canada unveils assistance facility for insurers 07:26 PM BST

UPDATE 3-Solar company Yingli posts unexpected loss 07:25 PM BST

UPDATE 3-Nigeria’s central bank lifting forex restrictions 07:24 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Juncker says increasing euro could hamper recovery 07:23 PM BST

UPDATE 4-Malawi president wins poll, opposition cries foul 07:23 PM BST

California high court to rule on gay marriage ban 07:22 PM BST

Vacations are the new work headache 07:21 PM BST

DIARY – Spain corporate events 07:21 PM BST

Fiat CEO cautious on outcome of bid for Opel 07:21 PM BST

Brazil transport tycoon indicted for murder-report 07:20 PM BST

FDA says LASIK ads must tell consumers about risks 07:19 PM BST

Ross, Blackstone largest BankUnited holders-source 07:18 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS AFRICA-Nigerian index down as investors take profits 07:16 PM BST

U.S. could lose AAA rating 06:28 AM BST

CORRECTED – CORRECTED-S.Korea to hold global roadshow for WGBI in June 06:27 AM BST

Jurong Aromatics delays project on credit crunch 06:27 AM BST

Nikkei dips 0.5 pct on strong yen but falls limited 06:26 AM BST

Israeli troops kill two Gaza militants 06:25 AM BST

U.S. seeks aid for Pakistanis; bomb kills six 09:40 PM BST

U.N. pours $7.5 billion into auto lender GMAC 04:19 PM BST

Fed finalizes Treasury tier 1 capital rule 04:19 PM BST

RBS names Standard Life CEO as senior non-exec 04:19 PM BST

Clinton calls for charity during economic chill 04:19 PM BST

Tennis-Australia fined $10,000 for forfeiting Davis Cup tie 04:19 PM BST

BA’s Walsh says to work without pay in July 04:18 PM BST

Zimbabwe PM says west warming to unity government 04:17 PM BST

Zimbabwe farm invasions seen continuing unabated 04:17 PM BST

FACTBOX – Main challenges for India’s prime minister 04:14 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Most US banks will repay TARP by Q4: Morgan Stanley 04:11 PM BST

U.S. Treasury 11:04 PM BST

Chile stocks rebound in late trade, peso falls 11:04 PM BST

Obama signs sweeping credit card reform bill 11:04 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Obama signs sweeping credit card reform bill 11:03 PM BST

Clashes break out in Greece over Koran incident 11:00 PM BST

QA: Jarvis Cocker delves “Further” into rock 10:59 PM BST

New “Terminator” opens well without Schwarzenegger 10:54 PM BST

New ‘Terminator’ opens well without Schwarzenegger 10:53 PM BST

Dow Jones High/Low – May 22 10:49 PM BST

Dow Jones Open/Close – May 22 10:48 PM BST

WHO chief warns H1N1 swine flu likely to worsen 10:44 PM BST

Soccer-Argentina squad to face Colombia and Ecuador 10:43 PM BST

WHO chief warns H1N1 swine flu likely to worsen 10:38 PM BST

Magna gets early nod in race for GM’s Opel 10:38 PM BST

UPDATE 7-Magna gets early nod in race for GM’s Opel 10:37 PM BST

Ford extends buyout offers to US union workers 10:36 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Dow has longest losing streak since March 3 10:33 PM BST

WRAPUP 3-WHO chief warns H1N1 swine flu likely to worsen 10:33 PM BST

WHO chief warns H1N1 swine flu likely to worsen 10:33 PM BST

WHO chief warns H1N1 swine flu likely to worsen 10:33 PM BST

Wall Street slips late as budget worries linger 10:31 PM BST

US STOCKS-Wall St slips late as budget worries linger 10:27 PM BST

Billboard CD reviews: New York Dolls, Michelle Shocked 10:26 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Ito En FY08 operating profit likely fell 46 pct: Nikkei 10:24 PM BST

UPDATE 1-TXCO Resources to borrow $12.5 mln from DIP facility 10:23 PM BST

Cavendish pulled out of Giro after hat-trick 10:23 PM BST

Magna partners with Russian bank for Opel bid 10:23 PM BST

CANADA FX DEBT-C$ strengthens for 4th day, bonds mixed 10:23 PM BST

Oncogenex, Poniard shares up after JJ-Cougar deal 10:21 PM BST

Where would you invest a million dollars? 10:21 PM BST

World economy out of “free fall” 10:19 PM BST

UPDATE 3-MOVES-Wintrust Financial, Nasdaq OMX, RBS 10:19 PM BST

Northampton beat Bourgoin 15-3 in Challenge Cup final 10:19 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Oncogenex, Poniard shares up after JJ-Cougar deal 10:19 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Magna partners with Russian bank for Opel bid 10:19 PM BST

NYC conflict of interest rules apply to pensions 10:18 PM BST

Argentina stocks, bonds end flat on profit-taking 10:16 PM BST

Expect “heck of a time” filling Liddy’s shoes at AIG 10:16 PM BST

REFILE-ANALYSIS-Expect ‘heck of a time’ filling AIG CEO post 10:14 PM BST

“Idol” winner Kris wants respect as Adam eyes stardom 10:10 PM BST

CORRECTED – UPDATE 2-Large US banks to shoulder more cleanup costs 10:08 PM BST

BankUnited sees Miami expansion, no layoffs 10:06 PM BST

Private equity comeback to alter U.S. Senate panel wants auto CEOs to testify on dealers 06:47 PM BST

Tennis-Hosts Germany to meet Serbia in World Team Cup final 06:46 PM BST

NASA resets space shuttle landing for Saturday 06:46 PM BST

Markets shrug off Vale 2009 investment cuts 06:43 PM BST

S.Korea to tackle EU on trade pact, climate talks 06:42 PM BST

Soccer-Makelele to play one more year for Paris St Germain 06:42 PM BST

UPDATE 1-TransAlta Alberta Sundance 4 coal unit back 06:41 PM BST

UPDATE 2-NASA resets space shuttle landing for Saturday 06:41 PM BST

NASA resets space shuttle landing for Saturday 06:41 PM BST

US Cash Products-Gasoline mixed ahead of the holiday 06:40 PM BST

Kids want to hear more bedtime stories 06:38 PM BST

US Senate panel wants auto CEOs to testify on dealers 06:38 PM BST

U.S. soldier gets life sentence for Iraq murders 02:23 AM BST

FACTBOX – Security developments in Iraq 02:23 AM BST

Is Iraq’s enigmatic Sadr headed for a comeback? 02:23 AM BST

U.S. soldier gets life sentence for Iraq murders 12:36 AM BST

Mexico sees foreign investment down 17 pct in ’09 12:34 AM BST

AIG CEO Liddy to step down 12:33 AM BST

Brazil Embraer to sell 20 jets to Argentine airline 12:33 AM BST

BHP says looking to develop uranium mine 12:31 AM BST

“American Idol” ends on low 12:30 AM BST

Chrysler to aid dealers past June 9: senator 12:30 AM BST

Glaxo in potential $1.9 bln tax battle with IRS-WSJ 12:29 AM BST

Kris Allen’s “Idol” win chalked up to likeability 12:28 AM BST

Malawi’s president wins election – final results 12:27 AM BST

Malawi’s president wins election – final results 12:27 AM BST

Ex-U.S. seeks aid for Pakistanis; bomb kills six 03:53 PM BST

Russia’s MTS makes Q1 loss, but shares rise 03:51 PM BST

Army says Pakistanis form militias to expel Taliban 03:49 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Indigo profit down, but sales up; starts dividend 03:48 PM BST

Party spirit lacking in Cannes as crisis bites 03:48 PM BST

Army says Pakistanis form militias to expel Taliban 03:47 PM BST

Satyam has won new deals: Tech Mahindra 03:47 PM BST

UPDATE 1-BA’s Walsh says to work without pay in July 03:45 PM BST

OECD sees chance of global recovery by year-end 03:45 PM BST

Army says Pakistanis form militias to expel Taliban 03:45 PM BST

Army says Pakistanis form militias to expel Taliban 03:45 PM BST

Russia confirms first case of H1N1 flu – report 03:44 PM BST

RPT-BRIEF-U.S. vice president in Lebanon to discuss military aid 12:14 PM BST

Burnley offering free season tickets if promoted 12:14 PM BST

BRIEF-Ice hockey-Former Germany goalie Mueller dies at 28 12:13 PM BST

Lampard scoops record hat-trick of Chelsea awards 12:13 PM BST

Economy shrinks sharply in first quarter 12:12 PM BST

Hughes itching to get back to Ashes 12:12 PM BST

Fabregas cleared of spitting charge 12:12 PM BST

Winemaker Jarno Trulli thirsts for Monaco fizz 12:12 PM BST

FACTBOX-Security developments in Iraq, May 22 12:10 PM BST

Sharma gets sharp for India’s Twenty20 defence 12:10 PM BST

Ukraine developer XXI agrees coupon payment delay 12:10 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Recovery may begin at the end of the year: OECD 12:09 PM BST

FirstEnergy Pa. Offers over $100,000 08:24 AM BST

LSE CEO could eye deals 08:23 AM BST

GREECE – Factors to Watch on May 22 08:23 AM BST

London Stock Exchange CEO could eye deals: report 08:22 AM BST

Greek Frigoglass Q1 falls 97 pct, visibility low 08:22 AM BST

KKR eyes role in U.S. House panel approves climate change bill 03:47 AM BST

TEXT-Downer says considering NZ public debt offer 03:45 AM BST

House panel approves climate change bill 03:44 AM BST

Hana, SK Telecom in talks on credit card JV -report 03:40 AM BST

Soccer-Boca knocked out at home by Uruguay’s Defensor 03:39 AM BST

Seoul shares turn positive;SK Tel, Networks rise 03:38 AM BST

Australia deflects carbon trading scheme job fears 03:35 AM BST

Australia deflects carbon trading scheme job fears 03:35 AM BST

UPDATE 3-U.S. stocks on the move on May 22 03:42 PM BST

US body has doubts over matching accounting reform 03:41 PM BST

“American Idol” ends on low note 03:41 PM BST

Freddie Mac to sell $3 bln in bills on Tuesday 03:41 PM BST

Reuters Summit-UPDATE 1-Satyam has won new deals: Tech Mahindra 03:39 PM BST

UPDATE 1-GM talks likely to June 1, not past-Obama adviser 03:39 PM BST

Total Outre Mer gets nod for Chevron Kenya buy 03:39 PM BST

Bosnia does not need new peace deal, Biden says 03:38 PM BST

Ontario Power posts loss as recession cuts demand 03:37 PM BST

Brown stumbles towards election defeat 03:37 PM BST

Brief-Soccer-United fans in tribute to Busby at Rome final 03:30 PM BST

Obama signs law to reform Pentagon weapons buying 03:30 PM BST

U.S. Museum of Nat. rights scrutiny 05:34 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Rio to retain borates business, talc still for sale 05:34 PM BST

Venezuela to pay partly in cash for Santander unit 05:33 PM BST

Golf-Daly diet of chips at Wentworth 05:33 PM BST

BUY OR SELL-Will crop of forecast cuts hurt Deere? 05:30 PM BST

Safina does not always listen to big brother Marat 05:30 PM BST

Most banks will repay TARP by Q4: Morgan Stanley 05:25 PM BST

Geithner eyes large bank fundraisings: source 05:25 PM BST

UPDATE 1-U.S. corporate bond new issues 01:36 PM BST

Clinton calls for charity during economic chill 01:36 PM BST

Clinton calls for charity during economic chill 01:36 PM BST

UPDATE 1-High River says Severstal proposes to make cash offer 01:35 PM BST

World economy “out of freefall” 01:35 PM BST

SCENARIOS – Somali government takes fight to rebels 01:33 PM BST

CANADA STOCKS-TSX may rebound as commodities firm 01:32 PM BST

Indonesia’s Megawati eyes tougher line on foreign firms 01:32 PM BST

Renewable power mandate overcomes hurdle in Senate 01:32 PM BST

Mid-market beats mega-buyout shops for returns 01:30 PM BST

SCENARIOS-Somali government takes fight to rebels 01:29 PM BST

Tennis-French Open women’s singles draw 01:29 PM BST

F1 can live without Ferrari says Kubica 01:29 PM BST

Mid-market beats mega-buyout shops for returns 01:29 PM BST

TransAlta Alberta Sundance 4 coal unit shut 01:28 PM BST

Wright-Phillips out of England qualifiers 01:27 PM BST

INTERVIEW-Motor racing-F1 can live without Ferrari says Kubica 01:27 PM BST

Russia, Ukraine reach no decision on gas storage 01:26 PM BST

Tennis-Wimbledon debentures snapped up despite price hike 01:24 PM BST

BBC’s “Birds” to hit U.S. network 01:43 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Philippine newspapers – May 22 01:43 AM BST

Costa Rica’s economy to shrink 1.8 pct in 2009 01:41 AM BST

Small GM bondholders seek talks with US task force 01:41 AM BST

NYMEX-Crude steady over $61 after drop on weak data 01:40 AM BST

U.S. Pilgrim reactor up to 98 pct 12:22 PM BST

Indian shares jump 14.1 pct on week; best in 17 yrs 12:20 PM BST

Soccer-Spain roundup-High stakes for East coast derby clash 12:20 PM BST

Campos team submits entry for 2010 F1 championship 12:20 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-HSBC to continue paying interim dividends 12:18 PM BST

Corry to captain Barbarians on two-match tour 12:17 PM BST

Motor racing-Campos team submits entry for 2010 F1 championship 12:16 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Crude oil edges higher, above $61/barrel 12:16 PM BST

Report says Mourinho wants reunion with Carvalho 12:15 PM BST

Biden says Bosnia does not need new peace deal 12:14 PM BST

U.S. rating cut 06:10 PM BST

Tennis-Wimbledon graveyard to be replaced by new court 06:09 PM BST

UPDATE 1-W.House says not concerned about a U.S. recovery likely slow 12:46 AM BST

Fed’s Rosengren says U.S. soldier gets life sentence for Iraq murders 12:27 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Ex-US soldier gets life sentence for Iraq murders 12:26 AM BST

Government: Part of solution or the problem? 12:26 AM BST

UPDATE 4-AIG CEO Liddy to step down 12:24 AM BST

Chrysler to aid dealers past June 9 -senator 12:23 AM BST

UPDATE 1-JJ to acquire Cougar Biotech for about $970 mln 12:23 AM BST

Fiat feeling lucky on Opel bid 12:22 AM BST

U.S. seeks aid for Pakistanis; bomb kills six 09:40 PM BST

Mexico to launch frequency tender this year- govt 09:39 PM BST

Rugby-Northampton 15 Bourgoin 3 – European Challenge Cup result 09:38 PM BST

Dollar weakens more on credit fears, bonds slip 09:38 PM BST

Genes of new flu virus show it’s not so new 09:36 PM BST

Last phase of Sri Lanka war killed 6,200 troops 09:32 PM BST

Ban seeks U.N. access to Sri Lanka refugee camps 09:32 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-SPDR Gold ETF call options shine 09:31 PM BST

Genes of new flu virus show it’s not so new 09:30 PM BST

Genes of new flu virus show it’s not so new 09:29 PM BST

UPDATE 2-GM strikes tentative deal with Canadian union 09:25 PM BST

Ban seeks UN access to Sri Lanka refugee camps 09:24 PM BST

OPEC set to keep output steady 09:23 PM BST

U.S. stocks to watch on May 22 01:23 PM BST

“Manipulative” mother of Baby P jailed 01:23 PM BST

Autodesk jumps after results 01:22 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-GFT sees higher open for the markets 01:21 PM BST

BEFORE THE BELL-Autodesk jumps after results 01:19 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Mecom down on 6-for-1 rights issue 01:16 PM BST

Spider-Man 3 actress Lucy Gordon found dead in Paris 01:16 PM BST

CANADA FX DEBT-C$ hits fresh 7-mth high, bonds slip 01:16 PM BST

Party spirit lacking in Cannes as crisis bites 01:16 PM BST

UPDATE 2-EBay wins UK court trademark battle vs L’Oreal 01:15 PM BST

UPDATE 3-OECD sees chance of global recovery by year-end 01:15 PM BST

OPEC sets 0800 GMT start for May 28 meeting-source 01:15 PM BST

OPG/TransCanada Ontario Portlands natgas plant shut 01:15 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Sears profit lifts peers in premarket 01:14 PM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Canada – May 22 01:11 PM BST

DEALTALK-UK investors demand Rio concedes more on Chinalco 01:10 PM BST

FACTBOX-Indian iron ore industry: output, exports, challenges 01:04 PM BST

Magna’s Opel bid has edge on rivals-German official 01:03 PM BST

UK says bank stress test release could cause uncertainty 01:01 PM BST

Fed’s Rosengren sees U.S. wants OPEC to stabilize oil price 09:19 PM BST

US wants OPEC to stabilize oil price 09:18 PM BST

U.S. Open course set-up 12:13 AM BST

Exec pay rules seen soon for TARP firms: sources 12:12 AM BST

Quotes from Tech Summit in New York on Thursday 12:11 AM BST

NY WTC rebuilders might solve impasse by June 11 12:10 AM BST

IPC turns down sweetened Validus bid 12:08 AM BST

UPDATE 2-IPC turns down sweetened Validus bid 12:08 AM BST

NY WTC rebuilders might solve impasse by June 11 12:07 AM BST

Home mortgage debt tough for TALF: NY Fed official 12:07 AM BST

Exec pay rules seen soon for US TARP firms-sources 12:05 AM BST

Obama says some Guantanamo prisoners to go to U.S. 12:05 AM BST

U.S. appeals court upholds tobacco ruling 03:43 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Russia says near S.Stream deal with Austria, Slovenia 03:43 PM BST

Pope on Facebook in attempt to woo young believers 03:42 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Canada retail sales up for third month in March 03:42 PM BST

HEADLINE STOCKS-U.S. sell-off 12:49 AM BST

U.S. pours $7.5 billion into auto lender GMAC 01:44 AM BST

CBS finishes season as most-watched U.S. Hist. pours $7.5 billion into lender GMAC 01:40 AM BST

Rachel Weisz stars in religious epic “Agora” 01:37 AM BST

Iranian rockers subject of “Persian” documentary 01:35 AM BST

CBS finishes season as most-watched U.S. forces kill 34 militants in drug raids 10:37 AM BST

OPEC set to keep output steady 10:35 AM BST

Soccer-Coach Gerets to join Al Hilal after leaving Marseille 10:34 AM BST

Dollar slide could be investment “game changer” 10:33 AM BST

Head extends bond exchange offer on weak take-up 10:32 AM BST

I am just a normal person, says Hamilton 10:28 AM BST

Thousands evacuate in Australia flood emergency 10:28 AM BST

TABLE-India’s ITC Jan-March net rises 9.9 pct 10:28 AM BST

HIGHLIGHTS 3-BOJ Shirakawa quotes from news conference 10:27 AM BST

EU ministers to press Myanmar on Suu Kyi trial 10:27 AM BST

Soccer-Mali include French striker Samassa in World Cup squad 10:26 AM BST

Marston’s confident as sales surge 10:25 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Suntech offering priced at $12.50 per ADS 10:25 AM BST

Europe shares inch up; miners track firmer metals 10:22 AM BST

Last year’s rain hits beach quality 10:21 AM BST

Bankruptcy surgery revives Chrysler after all 10:19 AM BST

Rugby-Waikato Chiefs 14 Wellington Hurricanes 10 – result 10:18 AM BST

Russia MTS seeks watchdog approval to buy Comstar 10:18 AM BST

Exxon N.Sea oil find not commercial 10:18 AM BST

Gazprom Neft seeks to raise Sibir stake 10:18 AM BST

Nigerian parliament urges wider oil delta offensive 10:18 AM BST

FACTBOX-History of OPEC production changes 10:16 AM BST

China eyes RMB funds, but market develops slowly 10:15 AM BST

RPT-PREVIEW-OPEC set to keep output steady after oil price rise 10:14 AM BST

U.S. network 01:35 AM BST

Cheney sharply criticizes Obama on terrorism 01:33 AM BST

“Alien” pests wreak vast economic damage: U.N. 01:32 AM BST

U.S. stocks, bonds, dollar slide on credit fears 02:00 AM BST

Fed’s Rosengren sees U.S. Fdtn 02:01 PM BST

Rescap credit default swaps tighten -Phoenix 02:01 PM BST

Top VHS Sales for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot Dance Music/Club Play for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot Rap Tracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot Modern Rock Tracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

The Billboard Hot 100 for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Jazz Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top DVD Sales for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Kid Video for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot Country Singles Tracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Classical Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Internet Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot Latin Tracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Soundtracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Electronic Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Hot RB/Hip-Hop Singles Tracks for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Independent Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Latin Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Heatseekers for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Pop Catalog Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top Country Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

Top RB/Hip-Hop Albums for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

The Billboard 200 for the 5/30/2009 issue 02:00 PM BST

ADVISORY-Russian Olympic story withdrawn 01:58 PM BST

Estonia plans $260 mln oil shale plant, eyes nuclear 01:55 PM BST

UPDATE 2-PBG seeks $64 mln for tie-ups as Polimex bid fails 01:54 PM BST

Venezuela’s Chavez seeks $4.3 bln From Brazil-rpt 01:51 PM BST

Sonaecom, Zon jump on merger synergy noise 01:51 PM BST

New worries on Arctic permafrost thaw 01:49 PM BST

Pound recovers losses vs dollar 01:49 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Futures up on Moody’s comments, Sears 01:48 PM BST

WHO chief says world should prepare for severe flu 01:48 PM BST

Russia deposit insurance agency sees 09 NPLs at 20 pct 01:48 PM BST

Hamilton says I am just a normal person 01:47 PM BST

F1 can live without Ferrari says Kubica 01:47 PM BST

Euro extends gains vs dollar, trades above $1.40 01:47 PM BST

TAKE-A-LOOK: US dollar at 2009 low, supporting commodities 01:47 PM BST

WHO chief says world should prepare for severe flu 01:44 PM BST

Wimbledon debentures snapped up despite price hike 01:43 PM BST

Top-flight rugby team for sale – offers over £39,000 01:43 PM BST

US STOCKS-Moody’s reassurance, Sears power futures 01:41 PM BST

Arctic methane rise spurs worry on permafrost thaw 01:41 PM BST

Arctic methane rise spurs worry on permafrost thaw 01:41 PM BST

Arctic methane rise spurs worry on permafrost thaw 01:41 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Met-Pro posts Q1 results below expectations 01:38 PM BST

EBay wins UK court battle with L’Oreal 01:38 PM BST

Freddie Mac, FHLB, Fannie Mae 2009 note calendar 01:37 PM BST

Forward Calendar – U.S. aims to mend rich-poor climate split 02:12 PM BST

TREASURIES-Bonds selloff persists on negative US sentiment 02:10 PM BST

*TOP NEWS* North American Power and Natural Gas 02:09 PM BST

Pope on Facebook in attempt to woo young believers 02:08 PM BST

FACTBOX-Key issues in Russia-EU relations 02:08 PM BST

Bank stress test release rejected 02:07 PM BST

Liquidity rules will test watchdog and banks 02:07 PM BST

Tech execs cautious, Asia to lead recovery 02:07 PM BST

Soccer-Platini applaudes Premier League finance, quota plans 02:07 PM BST

Capcom to unveil more iPhone titles 02:06 PM BST

EBay wins trademark battle vs L’Oreal 02:05 PM BST

Mexico peso pares losses ahead of inflation report 02:05 PM BST

BP appoints new global crude trading head 02:05 PM BST

India PM Singh takes oath for second term 02:04 PM BST

REUTER MONEYGRAPH-IMF SDR RATES-May 22 US 1.54438 02:04 PM BST

UPDATE 2-CEZ submits arbitration proposal in Gacko project 02:03 PM BST

Moody’s afrm A2 to Los Angeles Co. out of recession 08:30 AM BST

Sberbank considers guarantor role on Opel-sources 08:30 AM BST

India tech firms see glimmer of hope but long way to go 08:30 AM BST

Isamu Paint 4624.OS-2008/09 parent results 08:30 AM BST

Isamu Paint 4624.OS-2008/09 group results 08:30 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Russia – May 22 08:30 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-FTSE Small caps flat at the open 08:28 AM BST

BOJ Shirakawa: uncertainty over econ not yet falling 08:27 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-K+S rises to top of DAX on Citi upgrade 08:27 AM BST

UPDATE 2-Sinopec refinery rates at 90 pct, sales rising 08:26 AM BST

KKR eyes role in U.S. appeals court agrees tobacco companies lied 09:53 PM BST

Golf-PGA Championship second round scores 09:53 PM BST

UPDATE 4-U.S. recovery likely slow 12:46 AM BST

Reports hint U.S. seeks aid for Pakistanis as bomb kills six 03:57 PM BST

Red Robin shares dive after weak Q1 results, broker downgrade 03:57 PM BST

Army says Pakistanis form militias to expel Taliban 03:55 PM BST

OPEC set to keep output steady after oil price rise 03:55 PM BST

Acer sees second quarter better than expected 03:54 PM BST

US body has doubts over matching accounting reform 03:53 PM BST

Many Cuban Americans mellowing to new Cuba policy 03:53 PM BST

Reuters Summit-UPDATE 1-Acer sees Q2 better than expected 03:53 PM BST

Magna gets early nod in race for Opel 03:53 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Russia rejects Ukraine gas proposal, talks stall 03:53 PM BST

GM talks likely to June 1, not past-Obama adviser 03:53 PM BST

U.N. aid to Lebanon vote outcome 06:23 PM BST

BRIEF-Maire Tecnimont wins Italy motorway contract 06:22 PM BST

Pershing calls on 2 Target directors to resign 06:21 PM BST

CORRECTED – Tennis-World Team Cup scores 06:20 PM BST

Reuters Summit-Recovery: When the alphabet is not enough 06:19 PM BST

Ford called up to Lions squad to replace Flannery 06:19 PM BST

Mobile Web, cloud to attract tech spending 06:18 PM BST

Low pump prices lure Americans back to the road 06:17 PM BST

More Americans hit the road to kick off summer 06:17 PM BST

Wimbledon “graveyard” to be replaced by new court 06:16 PM BST

GLOBAL MARKETS-US dollar at 2009 low, bonds down on credit scare 06:16 PM BST

Rallying-Latvala on top in Italy, Loeb arranges drop to third 06:15 PM BST

SP cuts McClatchy rating on debt exchange offer 06:14 PM BST

Flaherty sees “glimmers” of hope in Canada economy 06:14 PM BST

Biden links U.S. federal judge weighs DVD copying case 02:41 AM BST

Japan relaxes flu guidelines as cases near 300 02:40 AM BST

Senate approves $91.3 billion war funds bill 02:40 AM BST

FACTBOX: Key differences in House, Senate war funds bill 02:40 AM BST

FACTBOX-Key differences in House, Senate war funds bill 02:39 AM BST

FACTBOX-Key differences in House, Senate war funds bill 02:39 AM BST

Bankruptcy surgery revives Chrysler after all 02:39 AM BST

U.S. stimulus package 08:37 AM BST

MCB Finance warns of materially lower ’09 results 08:37 AM BST

Moody’s asgns ratings to STBC’s Yen senior subordinated debts 08:35 AM BST

3-mth euro interbank rates ease; swap spread widens 08:33 AM BST

STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-Vallourec dips as GS cuts to “neutral” 08:31 AM BST

S.Korea won stable; govt caution, stocks cut gains 08:31 AM BST

StatoilHydro says Kollsnes gas plant restarted 08:30 AM BST

Gates sees tech helping U.S. government on restructuring 03:15 AM BST

Fuji Heavy eyes GM, Chrysler dealerships 03:15 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Fuji Heavy eyes GM, Chrysler dealerships 03:13 AM BST

HK Exchange says three firms buy back shares 03:13 AM BST

Nikkei edges lower, exporters under pressure 03:11 AM BST

Perfect timing for Marata to prove her worth 03:10 AM BST

Strengths and weaknesses of women contenders in Paris 03:10 AM BST

CHRONOLOGY-Bank of Japan policy moves since 1973 03:10 AM BST

FACTBOX-Profiles of Bank of Japan policy board members 03:10 AM BST

Federer lurks as Nadal chases fifth French title 03:08 AM BST

Strengths and weaknesses of top men contenders in Paris 03:07 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – Vietnam newspapers – May 22 03:01 AM BST

Tennis-List of French Open women’s singles champions 03:01 AM BST

Tennis-Strengths and weaknesses of women contenders in Paris 03:01 AM BST

FACTBOX-French Open facts and figures about women’s competition 03:01 AM BST

HK shares open down 0.2 pct, Lenovo falls 03:01 AM BST

PREVIEW-Tennis-Perfect timing for Marata to prove her worth 03:01 AM BST

Tennis-List of French Open men’s singles champions 03:00 AM BST

Daikoku Denki 6430.T-2008/09 parent results 03:00 AM BST

CC Amatil: SABMiller key to beer plan, not Foster’s 03:00 AM BST

Tennis-Strengths and weaknesses of top men contenders in Paris 03:00 AM BST

FACTBOX-French Open facts and figures about men’s competition 03:00 AM BST

PREVIEW-Tennis-Federer lurks as Nadal chases fifth French title 03:00 AM BST

Chavez nationalizes iron, ceramics companies 02:59 AM BST

Yahoo eyes acquiring social networks 02:58 AM BST

HK shares seen lower on Wall Street fall 02:50 AM BST

Unraveling markets bode ill for U.S. defence chief lauds soldier in pink boxers 01:04 AM BST

Dollar hits two-month low vs yen 01:03 AM BST

FEATURE-In Brazil, extreme weather stokes climate worries 01:03 AM BST

FEATURE-In Brazil, extreme weather stokes climate worries 01:03 AM BST

“What Goes Up” weighed down by flat-footed script 01:02 AM BST

Dollar hits 2-month low vs yen on Yosano comments 01:01 AM BST

Ex-U.S. Beaver Valley 1 reactor exits refuel 12:08 PM BST

Indonesia’s Telkom says has not dropped Iran plans 12:08 PM BST

Monaco practice inspires Hamilton 12:07 PM BST

Unilever’s Polman starts to work his magic 12:07 PM BST

Moody’s cuts and places on review certain Ukrainian ABS and RMBS 12:07 PM BST

Ledger’s last film hits Cannes 12:04 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Govt won’t push GM into bankruptcy next week 12:04 PM BST

Real candidate says Ronaldo deal would be “madness” 12:04 PM BST

UPDATE 2-Jurong Aromatics delays project on credit crunch 12:04 PM BST

Dollar, stg 3-mth Libor rates ease; euro rates climb 12:00 PM BST

BRIEF-Russia’s MTS posts $57.7 mln Q1 net loss 12:00 PM BST

STOCKS NEWS US-Valero may buy Petroplus: traders 12:00 PM BST

PREVIEW-U.S. missile defense cuts 05:07 PM BST

Russia tycoon cedes French, London estate for debt 05:06 PM BST

Tennis-Open-Safina does not always listen to big brother Marat 05:06 PM BST

Miners drive S.African stocks up, rand hits 8-mth high 05:04 PM BST

Mexico peso hurt by US outlook worries; stocks up 05:03 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Cricket-South Africa restore relations with Zimbabwe 05:03 PM BST

Venezuela, Santander to ink deal for bank takeover 05:02 PM BST

Brazil Finmin says real gains “cause for concern” 05:02 PM BST

TAKE-A-LOOK-Global shipping market 05:02 PM BST

CAW says GM likely to file for Chapter 11 05:01 PM BST

Venezuela, Santander to ink deal for bank takeover 04:59 PM BST

FACTBOX – Key ministers in Indian PM Singh’s cabinet 04:59 PM BST

CAW says GM likely to file for Chapter 11 04:58 PM BST

TAKE-A-LOOK-Global shipping market 04:58 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Deutsche Bank starts probe of security breach 04:56 PM BST

South Africa restore bilateral relations with Zimbabwe 04:54 PM BST

Pelosi heads to China for climate talks 04:54 PM BST

Fox-Pitt: New accounting rules to hurt 5 big banks 04:53 PM BST

Hamilton says I am just a normal person 04:51 PM BST

Tests of new flu virus suggests more are out there 04:50 PM BST

GM bondholders plan to reject debt exchange offer 04:50 PM BST

Soccer-English roundup-Beye out, Enrique in for Newcastle 04:50 PM BST

Rallying-Rally of Italy first leg classification 04:49 PM BST

F1 teams stand as one, says Ferrari president 04:49 PM BST

German state says can’t agree to Magna over job cuts 04:48 PM BST

Cricket-South Africa restore bilateral relations with Zimbabwe 04:47 PM BST

Europe stocks end down; drugs, Swiss shares weigh 04:47 PM BST

Europe stocks end down; drugs, Swiss shares weigh 04:46 PM BST

Cavendish wins 13th stage of Giro 04:46 PM BST

USTR vows to expand meat trade by enforcing rules 04:46 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Tennis-Warsaw Open women’s singles results 04:45 PM BST

Russia tackles EU on energy supplies 04:44 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Tennis-Strasbourg International women’s singles results 04:43 PM BST

United fans in tribute to Busby at Rome final 04:41 PM BST

Ascopiave says wins bid for Pasubio gas company 04:41 PM BST

Something is missing at Real Madrid 04:41 PM BST

US Speaker Pelosi going to China for climate talks 04:41 PM BST

WHO chief says world should prepare for severe flu 04:41 PM BST

Canada unveils assistance facility for insurers 04:40 PM BST

UPDATE 1-IMF sees Canada’s near-term outlook challenging 04:40 PM BST

US STOCKS-Market rises on dollar bets, energy, Sears 04:40 PM BST

House Republicans back GM bondholders in talks 04:40 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Xcel Minn. senators try to get Chrysler dealers more time 12:22 AM BST

Tyson says CEO search may take few months 12:21 AM BST

Wayans crew having a ball in “Dance Flick” 12:20 AM BST

Nikkei likely to fall on yen amid US debt worries 12:16 AM BST

Weir looking forward to fairer U.S. Treasury plans no GM bankruptcy next week: source 06:13 AM BST

PRESS DIGEST – New York Times business news – May 22 06:13 AM BST

Asia currency rally may pause as stock boom fizzles 06:10 AM BST

Today in France – May 22 06:06 AM BST

Fuso Pharmaceutical 4538.T-2008/09 parent 06:00 AM BST

Fuso Pharmaceutical 4538.T-2008/09 group results 06:00 AM BST

S.Korea won up on U.S. rights scrutiny 06:48 PM BST

NASA resets space shuttle landing for Saturday 06:48 PM BST

U.S. directs $1 billion for new swine flu vaccine 08:37 PM BST

Earthquake shakes buildings in Mexico City 08:37 PM BST

From pot to “pole” tax: U.S. directs $1 billion for new swine flu vaccine 05:24 PM BST

U.S. defense chief lauds soldier in pink boxers 01:00 AM BST

Hainan Air to get $440 mln from govt, parent -paper 12:59 AM BST

Malawi president wins poll, opposition cries foul 12:59 AM BST

Malawi president wins poll, opposition cries foul 12:59 AM BST

Malawi president wins poll, opposition cries foul 12:59 AM BST

UPDATE 1-Brazil Embraer to sell 20 jets to Argentine airline 12:59 AM BST

Malawi’s president wins election 12:59 AM BST

Sumitomo halts Saudi power,desalination project plan 12:58 AM BST

C-C Amatil sees high single-digit profit growth 12:57 AM BST

Australia approves Canada bid for Macquarie unit 12:55 AM BST

PIMCO’s Gross: U.S. states seek economic help 08:36 PM BST

Brief-Soccer-Debrecen crowned Hungarian champions 08:36 PM BST

Gold rises above $960 as dollar wilts 08:36 PM BST

RPT-UPDATE 3-Freddie eyes $1 bln commercial mortgage bond-source 08:36 PM BST

UPDATE 1-Mitsubishi UFJ completes Morgan share-swap 08:35 PM BST

Ahmadinejad slams rivals’ detente policy with West 08:32 PM BST

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U.S. economic might 12:54 AM BST

Pimco says sell-off driven by fears U.S. Senate backs $91.3 bln Iraq, Afghan war bill 01:51 AM BST

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Fed’s Rosengren: Deflation more concern than inflation 01:49 AM BST

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U.S. rating cut 06:09 PM BST

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UPDATE 1-Santander agrees sale of Venezuela unit for $1 bln 06:06 PM BST

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STOCKS NEWS EUROPE-UK small caps close flat 06:03 PM BST

Tech companies look for deals as values fall 06:03 PM BST

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California unemployment rate edges down to 11 pct 06:00 PM BST

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FACTBOX-Magna outlines plans for GM’s Opel 05:57 PM BST

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Europe shares dip, hit by Swiss stocks, pharmas 05:56 PM BST

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U.S

The Origins of Betta Fish

What’s more incredible, is that the fish species really only has a few base colors in its genetic code, but combining these has produced the wide array of fish we see today.

It is also worth noting that these Betta fish fights were not (thankfully) to the death, instead the first fish to retreat was determined the loser. In fact, the Betta of this time were generally dull-colored and flowing fins were seen as undesirable because they were easier for an enemy fish to bite at.

As many of you may already know, Betta fish originated in Thailand and bordering nations, and were originally bred for fighting, not for show. Have I got you curious? Ready to learn the mysteries behind that beauty swimming back and forth in his 10 galllon tank on your desk? Alright, here we go!

It was not until 1896 that Bettas began to appear outside of Asia, when a few breeding pairs were introduced in Germany, and not until 1910 did the species start to show up in America.

But it took some time to get here, and Bettas even today are continuously bred for new color combinations and such. In fact, what he was actually seeing was the first of a natural mutation in the Betta Splendens species that gave them more color. Our finned friends have begun to catch on big-time, but most people don’t even know where these little guys came from. Despite being an understandably opposed practice today, prized-fighting Bettas had relatively cushy lives: After a Betta had won a single fight, he was usually retired and allowed to breed thereafter.

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Over the last twenty or thirty years, Betta fish have become increasingly popular pets in not only the United States (where there popularity of late has really boomed) but also all over the world. Since then, these fish have been bred increasingly for color, fin size/shape, and a favorable demeanor and raised to be sold as household pets, not fighters.

Average:. In fact, the Betta fish of 150+ years ago wouldn’t be recognizable as the same species today. As such, the Siamese would breed these fish based on the “bravest”, largest, and strongest/most aggressive fish instead of the colors and flowing fins they are bred for today. The colorful, beautiful fish we keep as pets today have a history, and what a history it is. In fact, roughly 150 years ago, Betta fish fighting was actually taxed and regulated by the king of Siam (Siam is now called Thailand, and is where the “Siamese Fighting Fish” title comes from). Bets would be placed on a simple fight between two little fish in which men might wager their money, homes, and even children on the outcome. Though scientist Frank Locke of San Franciso received several Betta Splendens, he thought he had discovered a new species when one of his fish had longer, red fins

Liverpool Captain Steven Gerrard selects his All-Time Reds Starting XI on LFC TV – National Soccer

Glen Johnson made the list as a leftback, despite that not being his natural position as Gerrard called him the best in the game at his role and that he could play anywhere and make a massive contribution.

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The Liverpool captain started with the ever present Pepe Reina in goal. The Spanish shot stopper has been a true steward of the club, and despite his recent injury issue, has been one of the most capped players of his tenure rarely ever missing a match.

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He has come close on a number of occasions, most recently in the 2008-09 season where the Red finished four points off the pace of Manchester United in what looked to truly be the Red’s year, but they fell just short and the squad began to dismantle from that point forward.

The famous partnership of Jamie Carragher and Sami Hyypia came next. Gerrard has been part of Double and Treble winning seasons, but is still yet to lift the one trophy that he and the club hold the most dear.

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Gerrard then picked Marcus Babel at right back as he was one of the players that helped to win the treble of the League Cup, FA Cup and UEFA Cup during the 2000-01 campaign.

Gerrard continued on building his side in the newly familiar 4-1-2-3 that the club has adopted under Brendan Rodgers by including Didier Hamann in the holding midfielder role with himself and Xabi Alonso as the central midfield pairing.

Lastly the front line consists of a group of players that had their time all come at once they would have been an absolutely terrifying attack to any English Premier League defense. Next Luis Suarez made the list as a wide left player in the position that saw him rise to prominence with Ajax before moving to Liverpool.. However, he did sit down recently with LFC.tv and give out the list of the all-time Liverpool firs team that he would most prefer to be a part of in the modern era.

Steven Gerrard’s All-Time Liverpool Starting XI: Pepe Reina; Marcus Babel, Jamie Carragher, Sami Hyypia, Glen Johnson; Didier Hamann; Steven Gerrard, Xabi Alonso; Robbie Fowler, Fernando Torres, Luis Suarez.

You can also follow me on Twitter @thedailyatz, Facebook and Pinterest.

Finally the last piece of the puzzle was Fernando Torres. Carra remains one of the all time greats for the club at the back and continues to soldier on under the new regime despite not seeing as much first team action as he would like. Just click on the “Subscribe” button above.

Looking back Gerrard has no regrets as he has been part of a multitude of great teams in the Red of Liverpool. But at the age of 32-years-old the spritely boyhood Liverpudlian continues to look up for any challenge as he remains that most important part of today’s Liverpool first team along with his current teammate Luis Suarez.

Enjoy this article? Receive e-mail alerts when new articles are available. Gerrard first named Robbie Fowler who looked to be placed in a right forward role. His exploits at the club have seen him help the reds to achieve every piece of silverware in the game except for the English Premier League title. The Spaniard was without a doubt the most dangerous forward in the Premier League from 2007-2010 and he made it a habit to score against every top club he came up against for the Reds as he was the quickest player in the club’s history to score 50 goals, completing the feat in only 72 matches.

Steven Gerrard just recently made his 600th appearance for Liverpool football club. Finnish legend Hyypia is perhaps the greatest Scandinavian to ever pull on the red shirt, at least for now as Danial Agger is sure to make a push for that in the long run.

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Steven Gerrard can look back on a wonderful career with some of the world’s greatest players having player alongside of him at Anfield and across Europe

The threat to football from betting-related corruption.

British gambling prevalence survey 2010. Reliable and consistent data on the global market are hard to obtain because much activity is illegal and much is channelled through jurisdictions with weak reporting requirements imposed on operators (Eadington, 2004). Erosions of margins in Europe will have contributed disproportionately to the quoted global figures because they began the period much higher than in Asia.

The answers to these questions lie in the changes in the betting market that have occurred over the last decade. This has, to date, been achieved in Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

(13) Similarly, FIFA employs the ‘Early Warning System’ for use in World Cup and international fixtures. Therefore, understanding the threat to sport is most appropriately furthered by analyzing it as a financial crime, where knowledge of how the relevant financial markets operate is a prerequisite to informed debate on how best to tackle the issue in terms of policy.

Strumpf, K. All rights reserved.

A cursory Internet search will reveal other cases from football in the past but show also that there is no precedent for the number of cases that have become public in a short space of time over the last few years. The issue of corruption to achieve sporting goals is beyond the scope of the present paper but it may be noted that clubs that act illegally in this way may seek to fund their bribes from parallel activity on betting markets.

Author’s Note

(11) Roughly 1% of the stake is payable to the sport governing body in recognition of its property right over the event.

University of Salford, UK

In addition to reliance on the public authorities, football must also help itself. Historically, instigators of a fix have included athletes betting on their own account, local betting syndicates, and bookmakers hoping to escape heavy pay-outs. Ownership opens up several avenues to ensuring the results of matches since corrupt personnel can be recruited and existing players intimidated, for example by arguments that payment of their wages requires raising funds on the betting market. In other places, for example, most of America and Asia, sports betting has been or is prohibited and some entirely new consumers will be added to the global market as the latent demand finds a channel through which to be expressed. Probably, though, gangs prefer to rely on players since the actions that referees can take to exert a large and predictable impact on the probability of a given result or on total goals scored are somewhat dramatic decisions that may themselves draw suspicion if matched with unusual activity in betting markets. Again, the innovation clearly generated additional value for the economy.

As with earlier breakthroughs in transport or communications technology, such as the birth of the railways or the telephone, the most obvious general economic impact of the Internet was to lower prices for consumers. This has hampered police investigations in, for example, France, and it would be progress if the specific offense of corrupting sport were to be included in penal codes. 12-13).

(ii) During 2011, legal proceedings were instituted in Belgium against a Chinese national and 30 other persons in connection with alleged fixing of 10 matches involving Saint-Trond, FC Brussels, and other clubs in 2005 and 2006. Over a run of matches, this will permit a profit to be made.

This is not to say that criminals will not sometimes seek to manipulate one aspect or one phase of a match. There was another round of allegations and arrests in December. For instance, American college sport has generated an exceptionally large number of cases ending in prosecution and it indeed appears to meet all the criteria for high risk: the players receive no income from playing, the fact that bets are on the margin of victory rather than simply who wins implies that a successful fix need not require losing the match, and detection is unlikely given that strong teams may ease up for other reasons than not wanting to win by as much as the handicap announced by the bookmaker suggests that they should.

Live betting raises integrity risk for another reason. The equivalent of e-Bay in betting is Betfair, an exchange that brings together those who would offer or take a bet that a named outcome will occur. Thus they require that a proportion of the risk is born by the agent. For example, individuals may already be aware of the harm drugs can do and in this case providing information will not change their assessment that the potential pleasures outweigh the risks. A detailed report (IRIS, 2012) was published following a year of gathering evidence from sportsmen, regulators, and stakeholders in many countries. London: Central Council for Physical Recreation.

A weak system of governance makes football vulnerable to infiltration by organized crime. Moreover, the extent to which the market has been globalized gives substantial scope for risks to be hedged to operators in other parts of the world.

Forrest, D., McHale, I., McAuuley, K. In European football, Sportradar is a contractor which, on behalf of UEFA, and in respect of both UEFA competitions and matches in European domestic leagues, monitors some 300 betting websites for irregular odds movements. (8)

In addition to these direct measures, the defense of football against fixing is also related to weaknesses in sports governance that blight the European game. Manchester United, likely reached 1b [euro]. Next, the apparent growth in fixing is linked to how gambling markets have developed since the millennium and the emergence of Internet and mobile telephone betting. In relatively recent history, two cases emerged in England during the 1990s. Both sorts of restriction are already embedded in French regulation.

The major Asian operators no doubt have risk management processes in place and indeed have withdrawn from accepting bets on some competitions, such as the Russian second division, where they believe corruption is endemic. In Strumpf’s study of American illegal bookmakers, most had sufficient capital to bear risk themselves rather than hedge (lay off) to the legal Nevada market. (iv) In May 2011, revelations surfaced in Italy regarding fixing of domestic matches, mainly in the lower divisions. Control of the football federation itself, as seems to have occurred in the Chinese League, would also be useful for criminals through an ability to access club chairmen and to discourage serious investigation of fixing issues.

A number of other football cases are cited in IRIS (2012) and some are mentioned below in a discussion of how match fixes are implemented. For this reason alone, match fixing should be regarded from one point of view as a cultural crime, where there is a societal stake in first understanding it and then resisting it.

The matches in Turkey were fixed by using referees. The authors adopting this framework argue that it is validated by the pattern of known cases in the history of sport. In many countries, it is not transparent who owns and controls clubs and whether they are ‘fit and proper persons.’ Further, in many leagues, clubs are financially insecure to the point that payment of player wages is delayed or fails to take place at all. The set of odds on a match implicitly sets the price of betting, and it is obvious from the data that this is much below what it was before the Internet impacted the industry.

Borenstein, S., Saloner, G. (3) After the millennium, German soccer was shaken by the Hoyzer affair, where the referee had manipulated several fixtures by awarding debatable penalties and red cards. Relatively low sensitivity may be an intrinsic problem because even large bets in a very liquid market may not induce strong odds movements.

(5) http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-117896721

The credibility of fears that fixing is as widespread as this was raised by the results of a survey in early 2012 by FIFPro, the federation of national players’ unions. Over the course of the year, two tennis players on the World Tour received life bans; in October 2011, an Australian rugby league player was sentenced for having deliberately conceded a penalty; in February 2012, an English cricketer was jailed for having accepted 6,000 [pounds sterling] for bowling badly in a minor domestic match (which was nevertheless televised in India, with heavy betting activity on Asian markets). Divided across the principal pan-Asian operators, it was suggested that 200,000-300,000 [euro] could be bet. The loss at Ladbrokes’ odds would have been 11.13% of stakes. American Economic Review, 96(2), 279-283.

The probability of being caught is an obvious factor if a player is evaluating an offer for a fix. Illegal sports bookmakers. This effect was through two channels. The disgraced German referee, Robert Hoyzer, was in the pay of a gang and his exposure followed a match in which he had ensured Paderborn’s win over Hamburg only by awarding two penalties and a red card, all decisions so outrageous that an inquiry was quickly ordered. But even the most rigorous face difficulty in proving a fix to the degree of proof required by a court. When it becomes tainted by the suspicion that events on the field may not be ‘real’ but rather ‘arranged’ for private gain, some of the magic must surely be lost. Rome: MAG Consulenti Associati.

The remarkable surge in the popularity of online betting does not appear by any means to have been always at the expense of the volume of business transacted by traditional bookmakers. H2 Gambling Capital estimates, quoted by RGA (2010), suggest an increase in the size of the global e-betting market from stakes of 16.4b [euro] in 2004 to 32.6b [euro] in 2008, with projection to 50.7b [euro] by 2012. An English player imprisoned in 2012 had been paid to concede runs in the first over of a match. Sport and gambling. This would not have shifted result odds by very much and so the fix probably related to the session runs market where a high score in the first over would raise markedly the number of runs forecast for the two-hour session. The gang then coerced him into corrupting more and more important matches by threatening exposure of earlier fixes, and it culminated in fixing at the peak of his career and at the very highest level of the sport. His paymasters were Croatian criminals. The offer to participate in a fix is accepted if the bribe exceeds the expected cost.

(iii) In 2011, a Singapore national received a prison sentence from a Finnish court for fixing league matches in Finland. The immediate victims of fixers are the other bettors/ bookmakers from whom money has been defrauded on the betting market. (6)

Person-to-person betting is a further innovation of the online era. (2010). This appears unlikely to change. The promoter had appointed the six members of the referee teams from Hungary and Bosnia. Their motive is simply to make money by using specialized insider information (advance knowledge of how events on the field will unfold) to make gains on specialized financial (sports betting) markets. (1) On the other hand, casual observation of the trajectory of leagues where widespread corruption has taken hold suggests that there is a business as well as a sporting and an ethical case for football to prioritize measures to mitigate integrity risk. But H2 Gambling Capital attempts estimates across all countries and these are employed for analysis by, for example, European Commission (2011) and Remote Gambling Association (RGA) (2010). Study of gambling services in the internal market of the European Union. He had corrupted nine players, seven of them Zambian. (2006). Working paper, Lancaster University.

The ingenuity of criminal interests targeting football is illustrated by a further development–criminals putting on matches themselves. This suppressed demand could now express itself through Internet access to operators that were licensed in other jurisdictions.

As an illustration of this distinction, suppose football wished to guard against corrupt manipulation by referees. Further, young sportsmen may be innocent of the process of ‘grooming,’ by which a single decision taken now may tie them to long-term involvement in crime. Industry statistics 2009/10. In football, China is the leading source of bets and in cricket it is Indian money that dominates.

RGA. To illustrate changes in the implicit price of betting services in this high-profile market, I examined individual match closing-odds data from a major UK bookmaker, Ladbrokes, as archived on www.football-data.co.uk. Both FIFA and UEFA have initiated awareness-raising sessions during their age-group competitions.

(4) Another example of fortuitous discovery of a football fix is related to the Italian match between Poganese and Cremonese in November 2010. (Strumpf, 2003), street bookmakers emerge and operate on a large scale, despite illegality, because demand is high. Point shaving: Corruption in NCAA basketball. As in any asset market, a profit can be made from a combination of trades either side of a movement in odds about which a trader has advance exclusive knowledge: for example, knowledge that a red card is to be issued after about 20 minutes play is valuable in the betting market in much the same way as advance knowledge of a profit warning is in the stock market since, just as in the stock market, a trader can lock into profit by buy and sell trades appropriately timed to be at different prices. (5) This implies that betting-related manipulation may affect about 300 European matches each season.

There are, then, limits to the role of national regulators where the market is global and the major threat comes from international organized crime. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15(1), 3-12.

The Economic Impact of E-commerce: General Considerations

The history of football (as of other sports including baseball, boxing, and cricket) is scattered with cases of proven or alleged match fixing. For example, there was scope for some impact in the case of manufactured goods because the new mode of supplying buyers directly from a central warehouse permitted lower inventories to be carried; but it was limited because there was no direct effect on the cost of the production process itself. Regulation in terms of requiring licensed betting operators to monitor transactions for suspicious patterns of activity and to report them to both the regulator and the relevant sports governing body is therefore still worthwhile and embedded in, for example, British legislation passed in 2005. FIFA has since given life suspensions to the six referees and the promoter is currently ‘wanted’ by the police.

The narrative above is presented to illustrate why football administrators and international police organizations believe that the incidence of match fixing has grown substantially since the millennium and is now an outlet for the activity of international organized crime. Had FK Pobeda progressed to the next round, it would almost certainly have been knocked out because clubs from stronger countries join the competition at that point; and its profit from the one extra round would have been a fraction of 300,000 [euro]. In late 2011, BBC News referred to a further case that took this line of fraud to the limit when criminals created an entirely fictitious match and fed live news feeds about it for the benefit of betting markets on which they themselves then placed large wagers.

At the football-wide level, policy to date has focused on player education (to reduce the willingness to accept bribes) and intelligence gathering, including monitoring of betting markets (to deter players by making it more likely that they will be caught). But recently, criminal elements have gone further by acquiring clubs specifically to use them as vehicles for match fixing. Odds move throughout in predictable directions and by predictable amounts in response to incidents such as goals and red cards. It appears unlikely that he would have been aware of the long-run involvement in crime that would follow from his first acceptance of a bribe. The information that FK Pobeda would lose was sold to criminals for 300,000 [euro] and very exceptional sums were subsequently observed to be staked in Asia on the Armenians winning. Issues of governance and ownership also stand in need of address.

IRIS. Plainly, this reduces the extent to which regulation in Europe itself can make a difference to the amount of corruption in European sport.

The Case of Sports Betting

The Modus Operandi of Fixers

David Forrest

The greater size of the overall market has allowed bookmakers to offer many more subjects for betting, and for most football matches they will normally accept bets on more than 30 features of a match, apart from the result (for example, number of red cards, number of corners, identity of first scorer, and so on). Services such as stockbroking, travel planning, and the selling of insurance were indeed among the earliest sectors to experience falls in real prices and the closure of some bricks-and-mortar operations that were unable to improve efficiency to compete in the new environment.

While having predictive power in terms of where corruption is most likely to occur, the approach may be too restrictive for it to account for the time series of fixing if it does not focus on the demand for fixes (from criminals who place bets) as well as the supply of fixes (from unscrupulous sportsmen who will fix if the payment is high enough). The bookmaker win fell from 10% in 2004 to 9% in 2008 and was projected to fall further, to 8% in 2012. First, the new technology lowered costs of supplying goods and services, putting downward pressure on price. Criminal proceedings are ongoing at the time of writing, but the football authorities have already imposed sanctions on 15 clubs and 18 individuals, numbers reflecting how widespread the corruption was alleged to be.

Betting in Asia

Things actually improved for the bettor even more than these raw figures suggest. It funds this to the extent of some 1m [euro] per year.

The betting market in Asia in particular appears to play a central role in the way fixing has evolved to become a threat to football and other sports. Football administrators expressed concern to IRIS researchers that organized crime was infiltrating the sport through the purchase of ailing clubs. The Bochum trial revealed the case of the Belgian second division club, UR Namur, where the criminals invested in a club facing financial crisis and installed their own ‘management company’ as part of the agreement. (2008b). If effective, this would moderate the flow of offers made by fixers to sports players and officials. (7) However, of more concern in the context of the integrity issue is the smaller but still substantial volumes of trading in markets on matches in much lower-status competition. An inquiry found that he had been in the pay of criminals since very early in his career when he had accepted a payment in return for a highly inconsequential action in a relatively minor match. IRIS researchers asked traders with experience in Asia how much an agent could bet on the outcome of a Belgian second division match. The bettor who placed each of his bets at the best odds quoted on the website I used (which lists only highly reputable international betting brands) would have lost only 0.7% of his stakes over the final season (i.e., not far from break-even). The extent to which the market is now globalized is evident in football, where odds movements in Asia tend to be mirrored in Europe within one minute (Asia is the leader and Europe the follower, consistent with the fact that Asian markets are larger, even for matches taking place in Europe).

A further source of growth in volume is that consumers in many national markets will previously have been deterred because sports betting was locally available only through illegal operators. college basketball and he claimed that about 1% of U.S. (12) In Europe, associations of state lottery betting operators and private sector betting firms have also each coordinated surveillance systems for monitoring and reporting evidence of unusual betting activity.

Copyright 2012 Gale, Cengage Learning. The RGA Report cited estimates of the total bookmaker win, across the global market, as a proportion of stakes for each year from 2004, with projections to 2012. Presumably, they played unusually well since they lost by only 3-0 to the genuine Bahrain national team! The fraud was revealed only later when officials of the Togo football federation were surprised to read the result of a match supposedly involving their team. International Journal of Sport Finance, 3(3), 156-166.

So, value has improved from the perspective of consumers, just as would be expected in any sector of the economy into which e-commerce has made inroads. Combined with the taxes extracted by the state and by sport itself, (11) the effect is to hold down the pay-out rate in France to 79%, well below the international norm. Football in some countries has invested significantly in internal investigatory machinery, and UEFA funds surveillance of betting markets by Sportradar. Where there is still ground for suspicion, an alert is issued to UEFA or to the national federation responsible for the match. It is important to ask why there may have been an increase in the demand for fixes and why organized crime appears to have been drawn as a new entrant on the demand side of the market for fixes.

An emphasis on education in combating illegal or undesirable activities has often proven misplaced as, for example, in public policy to depress the market for recreational drugs. The winners in this process were clearly consumers, whether they bought online or remained customers of traditional outlets. Together, it is plausible that they will have raised the demand for fixes and the quantity of fixes carried out.

The emergence and popularisation of the Internet as a medium of commerce since the late 1990s has transformed the size and nature of the betting industry. Experienced traders review anomalies, comparing betting activity with on-field events and checking whether there are ‘sporting’ explanations for incidents observed. Such programs have been mandated on football and other sports by the United Kingdom government, and SportAccord has developed an e-learning program for use by young footballers across Europe. They may be especially vulnerable to influence by senior players and coaches, and there is evidence that criminal gangs tend to approach young players through such channels. Sports betting: Legal, commercial and integrity issues. Bearing in mind that the emergence of the e-sector was likely already to have eroded bookmaker margins before 2004, bettors worldwide have clearly enjoyed much better value-for-money since the emergence of e-betting. The FIFPro survey of players in Eastern and Southern Europe found a clear correlation between players who reported having been approached to participate in a fix and those who reported non-payment of salaries. Often such crime could be termed ‘petty;’ but recent cases involving organized crime have involved extensive corruption of the sport and very large sums of money. The perpetrator had fled but has subsequently been imprisoned for fixing games in Finland. However, some local crime related to manipulation of sport is likely to be present, as it always has been in the past. But it is already a sorry litany of incidents. Suspicious betting activity combined with events on the field may be convincing but can still be argued by defense lawyers to be circumstantial. These three cases already illustrate the international dimension of the crime and the ability of fixers to identify agents with the influence to arrange results.

The first effect of e-commerce in the economy, particularly in the case of services, was therefore to reduce prices and it would be expected, as a consequence, that consumption of the products affected would have increased, the extent of that increase depending on just how price sensitive consumers proved to be. Of course, a referee is a better investment for a gang when his services are procured over the long term. (4)

(9) They have, in fact, also entered the European market. Green paper on on-line gambling in the internal market. In the majority of the cases of known fixing outlined above, the corrupt bets have been placed with Asian operators regardless of the geographical location of the criminal interests and regardless of where the sports event takes place.

But the technology of the Internet did not just enable consumers to benefit from purchasing existing products at a cheaper price. In fact, perhaps the two most prominent known instances of fixing sport for betting gain in the last 10 years–the Bochum conspiracy and the referee corruption scandal in the National Basketball Association, which resulted in a prison sentence in 2007–both came to light during police investigations of other activities of organized crime (prostitution rings in the Bochum case). At the national level, the law has to be capable of being used to prosecute offenders, but it is not always clear under what law a fixer can be charged. Another restriction was a maximum limit placed on the proportion of stakes that could be returned to bettors as winnings. These bets are sometimes termed ‘proposition bets.’ The ability to automate odds setting by installing appropriate software has also lead to the routine availability of ‘live’ (in-play) betting, and this has been embraced by clients to such an extent that 70% of stakes on football are now placed during a match.

Eadington, W. Law-abiding French bettors are made worse off by the restrictions, but it is not obvious that much is achieved in protecting French sports since bets related to large scale fraud will be channeled through more liquid international markets offering much better odds.

Introduction

Sport possesses a magic. It allows criminal money to be fed into the market slowly. Twentyfour percent reported that they were aware of fixes that had taken place in their league and 12% that they personally had been approached to participate. On the other hand, the volume of proven cases in the past year (this paper was written in March 2012) is so suggestive as, arguably, to constitute sufficient grounds for policy formulation to proceed as if this were a known fact. (2001). This was an additional factor in disciplining retail prices. They now have licenses in the Isle of Man, from where, of course, their European business is conducted under an effective regulatory regime.

(6) http://www.howtofixasoccergame.com

On the other hand, there is perhaps more plausibility in the context of sport in the proposition that individuals make poor decisions because they lack awareness of consequences. At that very last stage, the money bet becomes ‘legal’ since the operators are licensed, albeit by jurisdictions with somewhat weak regulatory requirements, such as the special economic zone of Cagayan in the Philippines.

If fixing is a financial crime, it is also one with potentially serious financial consequences for football. Second, in the new competitive environment, bettors could ‘shop around’ for best odds on the Internet for the particular wager they wished to make, rather than rely on a local retailer. However, the views expressed are his and should not be interpreted as endorsed by IRIS.

(10) This principle followed from the precedent set by the state of Victoria in Australia. Second, it made the business environment more competitive because it gave consumers access to more suppliers and made it easier for them to compare price offers, again putting downward pressure on price.

But for those who instigate the crime, the motive is not, of course, to inflict damage on our culture for the sake of it. On the basis of its experience, Sportradar estimates that 1% of European matches are fixed. Betting by French residents using foreign websites is technically illegal but, in a liberal society, there is unlikely to be sufficient public support for the draconian measures that would be necessary to make such activity impossible. For each match, Asian betting markets accepted millions of Euros of stakes that total goals would be three or more. (2011). By contrast, three members of the Pakistan national team were jailed in 2011 after being paid by journalists posing as fixers to bowl no balls at pre-determined points in the play. The future of online gambling in the United States and elsewhere. But this does not appear to be the case in Asia where street bookmakers’ revenue is typically passed upwards through a series of agents, to be placed ultimately with one of four supra-national operators (IRIS, 2012). Then, in 1997, two games were abandoned when the floodlights failed and it emerged that technicians had been bribed by an Asian betting syndicate. If bookmaker margins fall across the board, given more competitive conditions, bricks-and-mortar customers will respond as well. Paris: l’Institut de Relations Internationales et Strategiques.

(2) Legitimate gamblers may also become disillusioned when betting crime is revealed. Sports betting and corruption: How to preserve the integrity of sport. European basketball and handball are among other sectors where the governing bodies have had to instigate inquiries into corruption or attempted corruption of players.

As noted above, betting-related corruption is by no means new to sport. This scandal has become known as ‘Scommessopoli.’ Newspapers pointed to Mafia links on the part of former footballers who had paid individual players 400,000, [euro] 120,000, [euro] and 50,000 [euro] for arranging the outcomes of fixtures in the first, second, and third divisions, respectively. First, customers at the very start of the period were still prohibited from betting on single matches; only combination bets on three or more were available, thereby putting an obstacle in the way of would-be match fixers but also permitting bookmakers to earn multiple commissions (such restrictions disappeared because new, Internet competitors did not impose them). This appears to be a dangerous development from the perspective of sport because liquidity may be termed the friend of the fixer. (2003). R. Thus, much of the world market is accounted for by effectively unregulated betting with a structure where self-regulation is also necessarily weak. High liquidity permits criminals to place large bets without attracting undue attention and without driving prices against themselves. (No doubt an additional contribution to this rapid rate of increase was that the market was developed at just the time when income growth in Asia, an area with strong interest in sports betting, reached historically high levels.)

In this review, the next section documents the recent known history of fixing in European football, then outlines what the various cases show about the modus operandi of those who seek to manipulate what happens on the field. But, largely, lobbying for restrictions is based on a false premise that restrictions on betting within any individual European country, or even within the whole European Economic Area, can address anything other than petty crime (such as sportsmen betting on their own account with local bookmakers). Sports governing bodies have proposed prohibition of live betting. Economics and electronic commerce. The exchange itself has no stake in the outcome, because its income is a percentage commission, which appears to remove one source of integrity risk. It questioned some 3,000 players in 12 countries in Eastern and Southern Europe. The author was a member of the research team and benefited especially from discussions with Sarah Lacarriere and Pim Vershuuren. Further, it facilitated trade in very niche products (such as specific rare books), where it would previously have been prohibitively costly for the market to bring together (perhaps very geographically scattered) willing buyers and willing sellers. (2012). Brussels: European Commission.

In still other matches, the Bochum gang targeted referees. This makes large-scale fraud more feasible and the erosion of bookmaker margins makes it more profitable.

The degree of liquidity reaches its zenith for the most important events. The defense from Betfair is that all bets on the exchange are traceable in the event of suspicious activity and that Betfair itself has uncovered and reported several cases of alleged fixing through automated monitoring of all its markets.

David Forrest, PhD, is a professor of economics in the Salford Business School. It is the level of liquidity in the betting market relative to the level of wages paid to players that makes lower-tier competitions in Europe so evidently open to corruption. There is no physical product. That sports corruption was discovered, in a sense, ‘accidentally’ is worrying to the extent that it reinforces suspicions that the cases we know about may be the tip of a large iceberg. Many consumers will have no reason to prefer retail outlets over Internet suppliers: in most countries there are therefore likely to be sufficient footloose customers to force land-based retailers to match prices offered by the online sector, and competition will also be intense within the latter, given that bettors can use price comparison websites to check odds available at suppliers based all around the world. Similar patterns of events can be observed in the leagues of Malaysia, Singapore, and Albania (IRIS, 2012). Wolfers (2005) was the first to attempt to use a statistical approach in the context of fixing for betting gain. The concern appears justified. The largest operators are reputable in terms of probity, but they fail one of the most important requirements of European regulation: ‘know your customer.’ The illegality of retail betting in most of Asia leads to institutional arrangements that effectively anonymize bets. This is possible because the bulk of trading, thanks to the Internet, now takes place during a match. The increase in the size of the global betting market, the lower bookmaker commissions to be deducted from the criminals’ expected profit, and the technical ability of criminals to access the high-volume Asian market all follow from the changes wrought by the Internet on the betting environment. His subject was U.S. (2005). The demand for fixes is a derived demand, derived from the gains that are available to criminals from betting market activity. It is unlikely a real fixer would have offered the large sums concerned because bookmakers would not accept big bets on whether a particular ball would be a no ball, and no balls are too inconsequential to shift odds in the core markets on result and session runs.

Any bookmaker has an incentive not to accept wagers that are likely to win, and some precaution is indeed taken by Asian websites to discourage agents from bringing them money staked by customers who are liable to be successful. On the basis of this evidence, significant growth in betting volumes should have occurred as e-commerce drove down bookmaker margins.

The four major operators are much larger than betting firms in Europe (9) and receive wagers which have been aggregated by agents, as the illegal money from the bottom of the Asian betting pyramid is channeled upwards. Additional games appear also to have been targeted since 13 players reported approaches (which they had rejected), where bribes offered for underperformance had been up to 300,000 [euro].

What is clear is that e-commerce has considerably increased demand for sports betting and made betting markets more liquid. In January 2011, a bogus promoter invited four national football federations to participate in a pair of exhibition matches staged in Turkey. One of the Cremonese team was involved in a road accident after the game and hospital blood tests discovered the presence of a sedative. The individual is represented as comparing the value of the bribe with the expected cost of participation, which in turn depends on the probability of detection, the penalty (including lost earnings from a ban) if detected, and the loss of sporting glory and prize money from under-performance. This has indeed happened in betting as in other service sectors.

Forrest, D., Simmons, R. A journalist, Declan Hill, who has written extensively on fixing, noted in February 2012 that one third of countries covered by FIFA had current police investigations into fixing. On the face of it, these markets are dangerous because some of the subjects of bets are easier for one or a small number of individuals to manipulate (compared to manufacturing the result). Demand will not be shifted.

The principal impacts of e-commerce in the economy and especially on services were therefore: (i) to drive down prices, (ii) to increase consumption, (iii) to stimulate product innovation, and (iv) to promote new modes of trading, such as person-to-person selling.

It is the lack of effective regulation in a very substantial market that has made Asian betting a real threat to European football and other sports. First, it is disproportionately large and provides the level of liquidity in the global market that allows organized crime to place large bets to make large sums of money and pay large bribes. The Macedonian club FK Pobeda is currently excluded from UEFA competitions for eight years following a fix which it instigated but where the betting was by a criminal organization. These general problems are likely to lead to more manipulation of matches, and reform would represent an important step toward limiting the activities of fixers.

Monitoring of betting activity appears to be a useful plank of anti-corruption policy even though the information it can gather is limited; in the dominant Asian market, it can observe only price movements (whereas European surveillance has traditionally depended on observing quantity of transactions). college basketball games over 16 seasons had been subject to betting-related manipulation. But the profit from doing so is likely to be taken not in the subsidiary proposition markets, which lack liquidity, but in the core and highly liquid markets on the final result and on the total numbers of goals. (2011). On the other hand, sensitivity appears to be low (i.e., there appear to be many false negatives–only six of nearly 200 matches covered by monitoring and identified as fixed according to the Bochum trial had triggered alerts). This trade is based on gangs having specialist expertise in the practicalities of placing large sums of corrupt money into betting markets with-out attracting suspicion. Corruption does not pay: An analysis of consumer response to Italy’s Calciopoli scandal. Further, it has integrated formerly regionalized markets since the technology of the Internet permits bettors to place bets in any part of the world and operators to hedge by laying off rapidly to operators based in other jurisdictions (this improves their ability to manage risk and permits them to accept larger bets). But in the longer term, if the belief that corruption is endemic gains credibility, the sport itself may be liable to be a heavy loser: all its important revenue streams are threatened since a competition that is perceived to be a charade may be shunned by attendees at the stadium, by broadcasters, and by sponsors. Given the contemporary betting environment, it would then not be surprising if ownership of clubs were not used to facilitate match fixing for betting gain, as the Bochum case illustrated in the case of UR Namur. This is particularly true for betting for two reasons.

Other agents fixers may use coaches (who can choose a weak team), medical staff (who can slow players down with incorrectly dosed injections) and even, as noted above, stadium technicians (who can turn the lights off). (2012) provide analysis to show sharp falls in attendance at Italian clubs exposed as having fixed matches to improve their league positions. The conditions in Internet betting appear to be not far from those of perfect competition. Jeux en ligne in the French market. It could lower the temptation of referees to accept bribes by paying them good, full-time salaries (as has been implemented in the EPL). The strategy enabled large sums to be won on the betting market.

Asian betting is at the heart of the problem of integrity for two reasons. It is appropriate first to ask in general terms how e-commerce affected economic life.

Sports governing bodies have shown considerable concern over the threat to integrity from the availability of proposition bets. Based on interviews with players, IRIS (2012) notes that triggering a penalty or having oneself sent off is risky because it is too obvious; but more routine defensive errors are easy to commit, with a good chance of a goal opportunity being successfully taken by the opposing team and a low chance of this attracting suspicion. When a criminal organized a friendly match between Bahrain and Togo in 2010, the fraud employed was even bolder. Thus, in a report for the European Commission, the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law (2006) presented a survey of evidence in 15 articles in peer-reviewed journals, and 14 of them evaluated demand as ‘elastic,’ mostly strongly so. Raising standards of governance and financial management are therefore not only important for the general health of football in Europe but also necessary adjuncts to any campaign against corruption of events on the field.

Suppose, in season 2000-2001, the bettor had wagered on all three outcomes, home win, draw, and away win, in each of the 380 matches in the EPL. They are therefore accustomed to receiving very large bets from agents that may have come from many small bettors but may, on occasion, contain a large bet from a criminal syndicate.

Football, along with other sports, also seeks to protect itself by lobbying legislators and regulators to restrict betting activity. This is because it depends on the often false premise that individuals’ behavior would be different if only they had full information. In the Bochum trial, the list of bets placed by the accused included a 36,000 [euro] wager on the outcome of a fourth division fixture in Turkey. As in the U.S. Ironically, corruption in Asia has induced a switch to Asians betting on European leagues. (2004). In many jurisdictions in Europe, betting has traditionally been offered by a state-owned or state-sanctioned monopoly and there was therefore great scope for prices to fall as residents gained access to extra-territorial supply. The United Kingdom is a relatively open market in that residents have the right to place bets with extra-territorial suppliers. (2011). All seven goals in the two matches were from penalties. It needs practical support from legislators and from the judicial system. (2003). Expected loss per unit stake therefore nearly halved.

The structure of the betting industry in Asia follows from the illegality of betting activity in the majority of countries, including the largest, China and India. Three hundred-twenty matches in 10 European countries were identified as having been rigged including 74 in Turkey, 53 in Germany, 35 in Switzerland, and 33 club or country internationals (one of which was a World Cup qualifier). However, the way in which it has been transformed is not unique, but rather follows a similar pattern to that observed in other sectors. Other European countries are considering enacting similar legislation.

(7) Similar stakes are observed in the case of the highest profile one day cricket internationals. Despite this, monitoring has gained increasing credibility in terms of an alert being acknowledged as a strong pointer to a fix (i.e., specificity is believed to be high); thus, evidence from the CEO of Sportradar was admitted at the Bochum trial. In football, the highest volume betting markets are on the result of the match and on the total number of goals scored. In the Bochum case, the gang sometimes recruited individual players, sometimes a whole team or even both teams.

MAG. The argument below is that bribes available to sportsmen have increased because a new betting environment permits larger gains than in the past to be made by criminals who fix sports events.. For example, online photo shops allowed personalized photo albums and photo stationery to be created and, subsequently, retail firms found that they had to offer the same service to compete. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 19(4), 598-611.

So how widespread is fixing of football matches? Forensic statistics may have the potential to yield an informed estimate. However, apart from the impracticality of prohibition in a global market, it should be borne in mind that the popularity of live betting reflects the preferences of consumers who presumably find it rewarding to consume a live game by television or Internet and bet on it as a complementary activity that adds to excitement and interest.

Forrest, D., McHale, I., McAuley, K. They also benefited from its ability to enable the creation of entirely new versions of the product and new types of market. Say it ain’t so: Betting related malpractice in sport. Cricket provides a famous example of ‘grooming.’ In 2000, Hansie Cronje executed the highest-level known sports fix since the 1919 baseball World Series when he used his captaincy decisions to lose a test match for South Africa against England. Birmingham: Gambling Commission.

So, compared with a decade ago, and probably because of the availability of e-betting, liquidity in the sports betting market is now dramatically higher. The lesson from this incident is that clubs themselves may have an incentive to organize a fix, and the danger is, of course, heightened because so many clubs in Europe are in a financially precarious position where an injection of funds from malpractice may be very tempting.

(v) In February 2012, a former World Cup referee received a prison sentence of more than five years from a Chinese court for rigging matches in the domestic league.

The Economics of Corruption

(1) However, Buraimo et al. However, under the terms of the new law, sports bodies were given property rights over events within their jurisdiction (10) and can dictate what bets (defined by competition and by subject of wager) are authorized to be offered by the new operators. Betting experts told IRIS researchers that the total staked on the 2011 European Champions League Final, Barcelona v. They gained consumer surplus because they purchased more units at a lower price. Lausanne: Swiss Institute of Comparative Law.

(12) In practice, there is likely to be room for debate about how unusual or how suspicious patterns have to be to trigger a report.

Wolfers, J. The once-popular Chinese League looks close to non-viability since multiple arrests, including of officials at the highest level of the governing body, for extensive match fixing. Thus, consumers captured most of the value created in the economy by e-commerce.

In terms of new types of market, the most obvious illustration is the emergence of person-to-person selling (the e-Bay phenomenon). Of course, the problem is not exclusive to football. What explains these developments?

(8) In cricket, the corresponding core markets are on the result of the match and on the number of runs to be scored in the current session. But there is an important difference from the American case. The impact should therefore have been greatest where there was no physical good at all (Borenstein Saloner, 2001). Further, major local betting operators will also experience ripples from unusual betting activity originating in the rest of the world. (2012). The fixers can make money from betting even if he is successful in engineering the desired result only much of the time: with a referee in their pay, they possess knowledge about an influence on each match that is not reflected in the odds. London: Remote Gambling Association.

Economic analysis of fixing sports events has focused on the decision of the individual sportsman (or referee) whether or not to accept a bribe (Forrest Simmons, 2003; Forrest et al., 2008b). (2010). In fact, the revolution in the betting landscape proves to have conformed closely to these general economic predictions concerning the impact of e-commerce.

Swiss Institute of Comparative Law. Betting at these orders of magnitude is plainly capable of generating profits that would enable criminals to make offers that are very high relative to the levels of players’ wages in these tiers of competition. It is instructive to note some of the cases that have been covered in newspapers in just the last 12 months.

First, price has certainly fallen. His research interests include sport economics and the behavior of gamblers and gambling markets.

In football, the English Premier League (EPL) attracts substantial betting interest. On the other hand, liquidity is so high that suspicious large bets could still be absorbed, even if they could be identified, without threatening the financial stability of the firm. As in the U.S., bets with illegal bookmakers are typically made by telephone and on credit, with settlements two or three days later. On the other hand, liquidity in most such markets is limited and it appears unlikely that bookmakers would readily accept bets of a size which would make them of interest to organized crime.

Increased volume of e-sports betting over time, as the market developed in response to new availability and value, proves to be exactly what has occurred. Later sections focus on the role of Asian markets and on the policy responses of governments, regulators, and sports governing bodies.

A Growing Problem?

Endnotes

Fragile finances not only make football clubs more vulnerable to takeover by the criminal world but also make individual players more vulnerable to being used in a fix by outside agents or by the club management itself. The payment had to be shared if the corrupt player felt it necessary to recruit teammates to ensure the desired result in the targeted game. The international dimension of many of the conspiracies points to a need for international cooperation in policing, and FIFA has allocated funds to encourage Interpol to have a dedicated unit to combat sports corruption. Large bets can be placed on European football without creating an audit trail that can be followed by investigators. (2008a), Risks to the integrity of sport from betting vorrup tion. The list of possibilities would be long, but all would involve cost to the sport and would therefore be easier to introduce in well-resourced premier leagues rather than in the lower tiers of competition where most fixing appears to be taking place.

Changes in the Architecture of Sports Betting

A successfully executed fraud is not observed and, therefore, we do not have any time series of incidents that would permit us to declare from formal analysis that this is a crime on the increase. The same process in season 2010-2011 would have yielded a loss of 6.10% of stakes (most of this dramatic fall in price occurred after 2007). The club chairman instructed his players to lose a Champions League first qualifying round tie against an Armenian club that was the underdog. (2)

The Challenge Faced by Football Authorities

Faced with the apparently growing threat, what can football do? On its own, what it can do is limited. An inquiry established that the goalkeeper had spiked his teammates’ drinks to make them underperform.

References

Past cases, and especially the Bochum trial, reveal a rich variety of methods by which an external criminal group might seek to manipulate a football match. The bets were won when Latvia beat Bolivia 2-1 and Bulgaria and Estonia drew 2-2. As with other illegal activities, possible measures include those that disrupt the illicit trade and those which deter participation in it.

The Policy Response

Buraimo, B., Migali, G., Simmons, R. This enabled them to bring in new players whom they selected because they were known to be corruptible. Second, the way in which it is structured makes the large bets particularly easy to place and with no traceability of wagers on events suspected subsequently of having been fixed.

This framework proves useful in identifying where integrity risk is likely to be highest, for example where income from playing the sport is low, where underperformance carries little cost in terms of prize money or seasonal ranking, and where lax monitoring makes detection unlikely. It could seek to reduce the ability of referees to influence match outcome by allowing instant reviews of controversial decisions (in cricket this has considerably reduced the utility of umpires to criminal interests). It is in these markets that most money can be made by criminal gangs and the most obvious way of increasing the probability that they will do so is to bribe players, especially goalkeepers and defenders, to concede goals unnecessarily. However, the ability of participants to ‘lay’ (i.e., play the role of a bookmaker without possessing a bookmaker license) is perceived by some critics as raising integrity risk. The narrative of recent events in football suggests that bribes are larger and offered more frequently than in the past. Working paper, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

First, empirical studies of betting markets over a long period have indicated that they are characterized by high elasticity of demand (i.e., the number of units of money bet typically responds more than proportionately relative to any variation in the price of a bet, where price is defined by the expected loss on a one unit stake). In one year, the gang had paid bribes of 12m [euro] and had made a net profit of 7.5m [euro] (for a fuller review of the case, see IRIS, 2012, pp. Given such possibilities, the sport’s duty of care to young players at least seems to justify systematic programs to raise awareness of young players concerning the ways in which they might be approached and possible consequences of involvement. It could disrupt criminals by allocating which referees were to officiate at a match only at the last minute (this strategy, pioneered by the National Basketball Association, would deprive criminals of the time needed to organize the placing of their illicit bets). But the extra liquidity in markets on European matches then puts them at greater risk from fixing.

Product Innovation

European Commission. Police sources indicate that organized crime has indeed been extending its portfolio of illicit activities to take in sport. Further, the reservation price of sportsmen faced with a bribe may be low since they are not required overtly to lose the match for their team. However, the database established by the monitoring system can identify individual players and referees who have been participants in a number of matches that have triggered alerts, and on occasion this has led to referees being required to retire by internal decision within the governing body.

(i) In April and May 2011, the “Bochum trial” in Germany resulted in the sentencing of nine defendants, linked to organized crime in the Balkans, who were found to have engaged in fixing on an industrial scale. That some popular bet types are prohibited and that odds offered are hugely uncompetitive relative to world prices presumably explains why the new legal market in France has thus far succeeded in attracting only a fraction of sports betting originating in France (25% according to MAG, 2011). Despite the emergence of the new competition, the participation rate in sports betting with land bookmakers tripled between 1999 and 2010, according to the British Gambling Prevalence Survey, 2010 (Wardle et al., 2011).

Betting sits readily in the set of industries where the general effects of e-commerce are likely to be most strongly felt. The size of this threat is unknown, and to date there has been no econometric evaluation of how demand responds when betting scandals become public. For example, the international governing bodies in football have followed cricket and tennis in setting up credible anti-corruption units staffed by former policemen; but clearly, there are limits to their powers to investigate organized crime; and their powers to impose sanctions within their sport may also be insufficient to deter players and referees from agreeing to fixes. London: The Stationery Office.

Organized crime may also be in the market for purchasing information that a match will be fixed by someone else. The team advertised as Togo was in fact merely a group of amateur players recruited for the purpose. Odds were available for several such international operators and for several European leagues, and I found the same picture across the board as in the case of my specific illustrative example.

(3) Asian betting markets pay out on the basis of the score at the time a match is abandoned.

The extent of the impact of the Internet varied across sectors of the economy. This can allow any bet limits imposed by an operator to be more easily evaded. Specificities of the betting sector reinforce these expectations. But the sheer number of incidents that have come to light recently is striking and so also is the high proportion of cases where organized crime has been implicated. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 23(2), 214-219.

The paper draws and reflects on material from an investigation by researchers from l’Institut de Relations Internationales et Strategiques (IRIS), Paris. Young sports players have been reared in a very hothouse environment. Restrictions proposed include prohibition of types of bet and styles of betting (for example, in-play) and limits on the proportion of stakes permitted to be returned as winnings. It is the repository of dreams and a sphere where many of our heroes are made. Improved value, naturally, would be expected to increase volume. Referees are vulnerable to being corrupted because they tend to be relatively low paid, yet can have a strong influence on match outcome and total goals. Attendance has collapsed and both the league sponsor (Pirelli) and the national broadcaster (China Central Television) withdrew from their involvement. He had had a previous conviction for fixing matches in the Singapore League and was also implicated in fixing an international match in 2009 by making payments to the Zimbabwe team.

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Wardle, H., Moody, A., Spence, S., Orford, J., Volberg, R., Jotangia, D., Griffiths, M., Hussey, D., Dobbie, F. (13) This monitoring system triggers alerts that will likely be investigated with different degrees of thoroughness in different member federations. This was an entirely new variation on the traditional product.

Until 2010, legal betting in France was exclusively through a state-sanctioned monopolist; but new legislation then permitted sports betting on the Internet so long as it was with firms licensed by France and operating with an .fr web address. Over the same period, other sports have also come under the spotlight. The case for doing so is reinforced by consideration that an increase in incidence might have been predicted–and indeed was (Forrest, McHale, McAuley, 2008a)–from developments in betting markets over the last decade.

Gambling Commission. Thus, there is an onus on civil authorities to play a role in defending sports integrity against criminals. Nevertheless, referees had been used in several games that featured in the Bochum trial and two referees were given life suspensions as a result. The availability of live betting therefore raises integrity risk by creating new ways of manipulating the sport; but the aspects of the match to be arranged must be important enough to have a significant effect on the odds regarding final result or total goals. In the first, in 1994, the veteran Liverpool goalkeeper, Bruce Grobbellaar, was accused of fixing after being filmed discussing arranging matches with a Malaysian businessman. However, this feature of the commission system for remunerating agents is likely to be negated by the positive incentive for agents to accept bets from suspected fixers: if they have a relationship with fixers, they themselves can benefit by betting on their own account after observing on which outcome the fixers’ money is being placed.

Another prediction from the general model of e-commerce was that the technology would facilitate the emergence of new products and new modes of market. As such, this is an industry where the general predictions noted above should apply strongly. Accordingly, it occupies a special place in our culture and in our affections

Boston Marathon course declared a ‘no drone zone’ by police

The Massachusetts State Police have declared the Boston Marathon course a “no drone zone” when runners take off on Monday.

While drones over the Boston course don’t appear to have been an issue — a cursory search of YouTube delivers no video results — drone enthusiasts have successfully recorded stunning, sky-high video of other races around the world, including the 2014 Pattaya Marathon in Thailand, the 2014 Athens Classic Marathon in Greece and the 2014 Houston Marathon.

Boston Policies

Image:Mass.

“The entire route of the Boston Marathon will be a ‘No Drone Zone,’” police said in a document announcing the policies for spectators & participants at the race, marking the first time UAVs will be banned from the event. State Police

A man flying a drone near the finish line at the United Airlines NYC Half-Marathon in March prompted a terror scare after witnesses reported seeing the flying camera near Pier 15, causing counterterrorism agents, NYPD helicopters and police to respond to the scene.

“The public is being advised NOT to operate any type of drone (unmanned aerial vehicle), including remotely controlled model aircraft, over or near the course, or anywhere within sight of runners or spectators,” they say.

Other banned items include costumes that cover the face, bulky outfits that extend “beyond the perimeter of the body” and “props.”

See also: 15 Uplifting Photos From the Boston Marathon

The man, believed to be in his twenties, was detained.

Boston Marathon course declared a ‘no drone zone’ by police

Book Review – The Boys in the Boat by Daniel James Brown (2013)

His research took years during which he interviewed family members of the crew, in particular Joe Rantz’ daughter, Judy Willman, who spent hours with Brown going over letters, documents and newspaper clippings about the Boys in the Boat.

Joe Rantz had a most difficult life, having been ejected from his home as a young adolescent by his father’s second wife who wanted no remembrance of her husband’s first marriage in their home.

Al Ulbrickson, their varsity coach, knew that he had a special group of rowers, and quietly prepared them and himself for the possibility of rowing in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. It is not chick lit, but as a woman, I was enthralled with the tale of these nine young men who bonded together to seek their place in sports history.

                                                                          Adolph Hitler

The 1936 Olympics in Berlin is known even more so because of Jesse Owens who won four gold medals in track and field that year to the consternation of Adolph Hitler, who was adamant about the superiority of the Arian race. Being chosen as a member of the varsity crew meant that his tuition would be taken care of. The reader is nervous when Coach Ulbrickson rethinks his choices and contemplates substituting other rowers.

                                                                          Olympic Flag

Daniel James Brown writes this story in such a spellbinding manner that it flows easily for the reader who is captivated from page one. Their preparation included competition against the University of California at Berkeley, who had twice before won the Olympic Gold Medal in Rowing. Still, they were confronted with slumps and illnesses in several of the oarsmen. He calls it the “swing” when they are all perfectly synchronized in their movements, an almost religious experience for them.

Tension is built up on the day of the race in Berlin when the stroke oarsman, Don Hume, came down with a serious bronchial infection which could affect his productivity. He took any job that was available during those depression days to attend the University of Washington. That year also saw in Berlin the capability of Louie Zamperini, track star, whose life is the subject of the book and movie entitled “Unbroken.”

Using the story of Joe Rantz, one of the crew, as a backdrop, author Brown notes that these nine college students (including the coxswain) were the sons of farmers, loggers and shipyard workers, who had never traveled farther than their home state of Washington before 1936.

I have never been more taken with a book than I was with “The Boys in the Boat.” It was an experience which took me wholly into the setting without realizing that it was happening. George not only built boats; he built men, as he frequently advised the crew concerning his own love for the sport and what was necessary for success in this grueling, painful, exhausting, quest to bring their boat in first against well-known college champions of the sport.

The author of this true story is not to be confused with Daniel Brown, author of “The Da Vinci Code” and “Angels Demons.” It is an entirely different genre, a riveting account of the 1936 Berlin Olympics where the University of Washington’s eight-oar crew made their quest forglory and immortality.

. Joe had a faithful friend in his girlfriend Joyce Simdars, who was determined that Joe would never again feel bereft of love as he had experienced within his own family.

It is also the story of George Pocock, who fashioned the shells from cedar, to become the most famous boat builder of that time. Throughout the race, the crowd of course cheered wildly for Germany, their main competition along with Italy, both of which had more advantageous lanes.

Daniel James Brown has a gift for narrative and also brings in parallel events to set the stage for readers who may remember the depression years and can relate to the times. Joe learned from this never to depend on anyone but himself. Understandably, a film version of “The Boys in the Boat” is underway, and will surely capture the attention of all, whether or not you are familiar with the sport of rowing. Also, the American team was given the worst lane, putting them in the path of severe crosswinds. At the end of the book, you will know all there is to know about eight-oar crews and what they experience, both physically and spiritually.

Brown’s description of the crew’s preparation is meticulous. Tournaments in Seattle, Poughkeepsie, and New York added to their preparation and their coalescence into a team that was unbeatable. The reader learns what it takes to bring about the harmony and coordination that is required of the eight crew members and their coxswain who gave the orders when to push ahead or lay back